Causes and symptoms of viral diseases: cold, flu, throat pain and viral fever – Types of viral infections

Most of the people are suffering from viral infections due to the tremendous changes in climate. Wherever you see, you will see people suffering with cold, cough and fever due to changes in climate. People are affected with the increase in different viruses. The viral infections are more caused in rainy season, when compared to other seasons. Apart from normal rainy viral infections like cold, flu and fever, we are also facing malaria, dengue and chicken Guinea, which are also seen from past three – four years. These diseases may be caused by starting with fever and people are afraid of it. Most of them are not able to justify their problem until they reach the doctor. These viral diseases like cold, flu and fever can be treated with natural home remedies and don’t need to consult any doctor. These all are common and well know viral diseases that are seen in many people. But, don’t neglect to visit a doctor, when you are suffering with malaria and dengue.

You should be careful and visit the doctor based on your symptoms. So, here we are going to explain the symptoms and causes to create awareness to the people about these viral diseases.

Cold causes and its symptoms

How to get rid of cough & cold

Cold is caused due to virus. This is due to ‘Rino Virus’. Rino viruses can change their shape and increases with new born viruses. So, you should be careful to treat cold by increasing your immunity system to fight against this virus. For, thus you need to take antibiotics that fights virus to treat from the cold. That’s the reason always cold suffers you for at least a week. Normal cold stays for a week and is reduced automatically. Here, we go with what we can do to treat cold.

Symptoms of cold

  • Nasal passage
  • Throat infection and pain
  • Sneezing and cough
  • Water from eyes
  • Body pains
  • Weariness

Tips to get rid of cold

  • Take cetirizine tablet, which is an antibiotic to treat cold.
  • Steam Vaporizer to get rid of a runny nose and sore throat caused by cold. This helps to melt the mucus and clear nasal passage. Steam vaporizing opens clogged nasal passage. It is recommended to use a tissue instead of a handkerchief. As it is easy to use and throw it away and no need wash. We wash handkerchief, but there may be some bacteria present in it and can again reverse back cold again when you use it back. So, that’s the reason, use tissues than a handkerchief.

Natural remedies for cough & cold

  • Make sure to clean your hands always as it may have cold viruses and may stick to any of the parts of the body which is more affected. Cleanse your hands before touching eyes, nose and mouth.
  • It is better to take rest and not to go to the office as it can spread to others.
  • Consume lots of fluids such as fruit juices and water rich foods.
  • Avoid cold drinks.

One should take antibiotics if needed! Don’t take antibiotics as soon as cold has started, they won’t work. Antibiotics won’t work for cold as it starts with a virus. If you see it after a week, then it may reduce or else again cold may attack along with cough. Cold starts with a virus and turned to bacteria at this stage. Then, it’s time to use antibiotics. You need to consult the doctor, as and when the cold is still irritating after a week and leads to cough. You need to complete the medication as suggested by doctor.

Viral fever

Nowadays some people are suffering from viral fever without the symptoms of a cold. You may think that the viral fevers are cured automatically without any medications, but you need to consult the doctor. Take care of your health and don’t neglect them as they are normal viral fever, because there may be a chance of occurrence of Malaria, Dengue and Chicken Guinea.

What is viral fever?

Home remedies for viral fever

Viral fever can be identified with 102 degree body temperature and may be more, severe headache, body pains and tiredness as they may not be able to even stand and sit. But, in some patients you can observe skin rashes, vomiting’s and motions. These viral fevers can stand up to 3 – 4 days and may decrease as it is normally by taking a paracetamol tablet. But, when the temperature is not decreasing and if you are still suffering with high temperature, then you need to definitely consult a doctor. Based upon the symptoms, the doctor will treat you accordingly as a result of Dengue or Malaria or Chicken Guinea. The symptoms of Dengue are severe body pains and severe fever. Some of the Chicken Guinea symptoms are fever for 1- 2 days, but as soon as the fever is gone, then the patient struggles with severe bone pain.

When you have symptoms of sever fever and headache and you don’t have an idea what it is? To find the attacked viral fever, one should test for NS1 antigen to know whether it is dengue or not. If you notice high temperature with shivering, then you can go for an RDT test to know that it is malaria or not.

Throat pain

Throat is due to virus problems. So, the people who have throat pain are cured normally and no need to go for any medications.

  • Take warm salt water and gargle them for several times to get rid of throat pain. Instead of warm salt water, one can use antiseptic lotions for gargling.
  • Take paracetamol tablet, if you feel there is increase in body temperature.

How to soothe sore throat

But, few people may affect with streptococcal bacteria that causes throat pain. This is treated with antibiotics for 2 – 3 days. Similarly, you can find white pus cells in your throat, at that time you need to consult your doctor. Don’t neglect, when the children are suffering with throat pain. Immediately you need to consult your doctor, because some children have rheumatic fever. This is a kind of fever that effects on the children’s heart. So, you need to consult a doctor as soon as your kid has throat pain.

Flu fever

Flu fever is caused due to different flu viruses. Other than the flu fever, all other fevers are cured automatically and there is no need of any treatment. The symptoms of flu fever are throat pain, 101 degree temperature and body pains. These stays for 2 – 3 days and are reduced, which doesn’t need any treatments. After the third day, if you feel the same symptoms, then you need to consult your doctor. For some people, the flu virus is spread to the lungs and causes pneumonia. This is because you need to consult a doctor if you feel the same symptoms continuing in third day also. During that time, the person is hard to take a breath, severe cough, fever and weariness are continued or else you can notice blood clots along with mucus are the major symptoms of flu fever.

The older people have to take care and are treated immediately. People by the age of 65 or more may have diabetes and heart problems should take care. And also pregnancy, sinusitis patients and children should be careful and are treated immediately. These people with flu fever leads to pneumonia symptoms as well. One should clarify that they are suffering with normal cold or flu, as the symptoms seems to be similar. They should be treated by the doctor with the confirmation of flu or normal cold.

How to treat fever at home

Basically, cold is a normal health issue with nasal passage and cough. Usually, as soon as a person is affected by cold, may also suffer from fever. But, flu is different and is more compared to normal cold symptoms. The symptoms of flu fever are dry cough, throat pain, 101 degree fever, along with them, they may have sever body pains and headache.

Nowadays, doctors suggest to the patients with diclofenac, ibuprofen and Nimesulide as painkillers. But, it is better to take normal paracetamol instead of all these painkillers. This is because some of the viral fevers cause low blood platelet count. If the patient uses these drugs, they may result in a decrease in their blood platelet count. Some of them use steroids to get rid of a fever, but it is also not safe. Due to consumption of steroids, there may be decrease in resistance power and is harmful to you with a severe viral fever. One should take plenty of fluids and take rest during the time.