Waterborne diseases: symptoms, causes, preventions – Types of waterborne diseases

The diseases spreading through contaminated water are known as waterborne diseases. This involves with bacterial, viral or protozoan organisms. The contamination of water may be due to bacterial, viral or protozoan organisms. The infection is caused due to drinking water, or may be a chance of occurring from swimming water, by these two ways the infection can enter into the body and effect you. They may also occur due to cuts in the skin. Waterborne diseases cause due to water contamination. Thus, it may occur due to flood water or animal carry to human, silt, toxic chemical wastes and oil. This may occur due to the infectious diseases that are associated with drinking water, such as diarrhea and dysentery. It is very important to take care of waterborne diseases in rainy and monsoon seasons. You should be careful while drinking water and don’t drink water wherever they are available, because there may be presence of infections in the water that is mostly in public areas.

Waterborne diseases are with the contagion, which are prevented with the waterborne diseases that requires high standards. You should maintain and be hygiene with your living area and must be sanitation free.

Types of waterborne diseases

Causes & symptoms of viral diseases

Water is a liquid that can cure various types of diseases. The harmful substances that are most harmful to people that are present in water. The water available solvent reaches to anyone at any time. Water contamination is harmful to the people those who are having low immunity power. This may feel you sick and causes various diseases. There are different types of waterborne diseases are as follows.

  • Cholera
  • Dysentery
  • Typhoid fever
  • Cryptosporidiosis
  • Amebic dysentery
  • Hepatitis A
  • Brainerd diarrhea
  • Giardia

Bacillary dysentery disease

The disease caused due to consumption of contaminated water. The people are heavily dehydrated that are affected by an ailment. Thus, the symptoms that are caused by these diseases are low fever, abdominal pain and frequent bowls or stools. They are accompanied by bloody mucus. This is generally prevalent the areas that to be with a low sanitation. This attack when one who have unhygienic source of drinking water.


Cholera is caused by extremely dehydrated and weakness in the patients. The one who is affected by this problem feels nausea, vomiting sensation and frequent stools. This is caused due to the cholera bacterium. Generally it happens due to the sewage water, when mixed with drinking water. The people who drink this mixed water will affect with cholera. You should be careful in drinking water and make sure that they are filtered. People should be careful mostly during rainy seasons as it may attack easily and quickly. This results in the areas that are underdeveloped.

Typhoid fever

Home remedies to stay fit & healthy

Typhoid fever is a common fever, headache, loose motions, vomiting and bloating. This is due to some microbe, which is known as Salmonella. The person is very weak and is prone to the infection that should be prolonged tenure of the disease.


Arsenicosis are caused with heavy intake of arsenic. This mainly occurs due to water. But, you should not find any symptoms at the initial stage. It is hard to recognize the disease. Thus, it is seen to that of who permits 0.01 mg per liter of arsenic mostly in drinking water. It is recommended to be careful and affects your human body for a long time. Thus, you should be careful to protect from this waterborne disease as it will harm yourself only with water.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A affects the human being at liver. This disease makes your liver to be enlarged. The disease may be caused due to the bacteria, which is known as Hepatitis. This is mostly transmitted through the contaminated drinking water. The symptoms that you can find for this type of disease are fever, jaundice, vomits and nausea. The hepatitis A is prevalent in the third world countries where the places that are underdeveloped. You should maintain a hygienic at home and your surroundings. One should follow the rules of clean and green, and also encourage the people who are underdeveloped to keep themselves hygienic.


Malaria is the commonly caused disease which causes mostly due to water. The mosquitoes breed that is at the stagnant water produces a large number of female Anopheles mosquitoes. The main causes of malaria are anopheles mosquito bites. The malaria symptoms are such that shivering fever, body ache, sweating, nausea and vomiting’s. This disease should be treated at the right time, otherwise the person will have a situation of high life risk. Thus, a person should be careful, if you are affected with malaria will be treated and take care of your surroundings with stagnant water, where the mosquitos are mostly encouraged.


How to treat fever at home

Gastroenteritis is a waterborne disease that occurs due to contaminated water. This is mostly seen in people who consumes contaminated drinking water. This type of disease may have symptoms such as nausea, slight fever and vomiting sensation. This is mostly due to the frequent vomiting, which also leads to dehydration problem. The person may become sick and tired. Thus, one should be careful while you are going to choose drinking water.

The person affected with these diseases should be treated quickly as they are harmful and sometimes severe cases leads to death. So, as soon as you find any of these symptoms should approach the nearby doctor and are treated quickly to recover in the early stage.

Causes of waterborne diseases

The main cause of waterborne disease is due to an infectious agent. There are many waterborne diseases, which causes of various infections. The some of the infections are cryptosporidiosis, Escherichia coli, giardiasis, harmful algal blooms, legionellosis, naegleria and amebic meningoencephalitis, norovirus infection and shigellosis. Some other causes are as follows.

  • International travel
  • Improper water treatment
  • Contaminated water
  • Rural areas
  • Unhygienic conditions
  • Poor sanitation
  • When in contact with animals or the environment
  • From person-to-person

Symptoms of waterborne diseases

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  • Illness
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting’s
  • Skin, ear, respiratory or some eye problems

Waterborne disease are easily transmitted through contaminated water or material that enters into their mouth. Thus, the following reasons are transmitted to get infected like dirty hands, cooking vessels, dirty clothes, mugs, uncovered foods and drinking water.

How to prevent waterborne diseases?

Stop drinking untreated water

One should carry their own water bottle while travelling. You should keep yourself clean and be hygienic. Drink from an open water source is never advisable. You should range and even protects some potentially harmful health problems. Always, you should keep yourself hydrated by drinking plenty of water. You should use an ultraviolet light water purification system. This helps to remove viruses and can be transmitted through water.

Keeping hygiene

The best to reduce waterborne ailments are by using water purification system. Always make sure to wash your hands. Keep yourself clean and is by using a cutting board. The cutlery is properly cleaned before and after cleaning.

Stop eating raw foods

Home remedies for skin allergies

Foods that include vegetables, raw meat, shellfish and raw fruits. They should be exposed to contaminated water. Thus, keep a water bottle that you need to carry while travelling.

  • You must drink only filtered water
  • Clean your hands properly before eating
  • Cleanse the containers daily
  • Eat warm foods and homemade cooked foods
  • Avoid eats roadside foods
  • You should keep yourself clean and clean fingernails
  • Wash toilets
  • Wash vegetables before cooking and cook at high temperature to kill harmful bacteria
  • Avoid flies due to organic waste
  • Keep your food closed
  • Avoid swimming in rivers and creek