You need to take proper care during the first trimester of pregnancy. As it is very sensitive period as the fetus is in its early development stage. It’s the time when the major organs are in the initial formation stage, not to forget the development of the body systems. Therefore, you need to take adequate precaution that the fetal development is not disrupted at any cost. Be careful about using alcohol, drugs and medication.
Eat nutritious food, drink safe drinking water, avoid alcohol, smoking, sleep for 8 hours at bight, do not do manual work like lifting heavy weights, travel by bus or car, wear comfortable footwear with flat heels to avoid falls, do not take medicines without consulting a doctor, have regular check up with a doctor and plan to deliver in a hospital.
Avoid the lifestyle habits which can prove harmful during pregnancy.
Avoid alcohol while you are pregnant. The people who drink, beer, wine or hard liquor each day is likely to have Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. It causes slow mental and physical growth. Do not drink if you breastfeed your baby. Alcohol can pass through breast milk. If you are concerned about your use of alcohol, talk to your doctor or nurse.
Caffeine is a strong stimulant and can have different effect on different individuals. It is thus best avoided during the first trimester as the exact effect of caffeine on the fetus is still under research. Caffeine consumption by the mother is said to cause a premature birth and the baby weighs less than normal and they are also found to have a series of birth defects.
There are many adverse effects of caffeine on pregnant women are sleeping disorders, anxiety, irritability, nervousness and irregular heartbeat. It is better to cut down beverages and food with caffeine content. Also avoid non-prescription medicines that have caffeine content, mostly pills that are used to treat cold, allergy and headache.
Avoid smoking at any cost. Smoking during pregnancy is like putting the cigarette to your baby’s lips and expecting him to puff. You will pass harmful carbon monoxide and nicotine to your baby if you smoke. Also steer clear of people who smoke.
Avoid hot tubs and saunas which are dangerous during pregnancy. Since these involve staying in an environment that is above normal body temperature. The high temperature in fact hampers the normal development of the fetus.
Fish and seafood are excellent low fat sources of many nutrients and an important part of a healthy diet. There is a concern about eating fish and seafood during pregnancy, since some types may contain high levels of mercury. To be safe, choose wisely among types of fish. Stay clear of unpasteurized cheeses and milk, raw eggs, undercooked fish etc. You should avoid eating swordfish, shark, king mackerel and tuna steak. These precautions during pregnancy should be taken so as to avoid any food borne idleness.
Herbs and medicines
Certain herbs can be detrimental to fetus development like, passion flower, saw palmetto; pennyroyal and black cohosh are known to cause miscarriage, premature birth and painful contractions. Similarly, over the counter medications during the pregnancy must be avoided at all cost, regardless of how minute the ailment is. Always take medicines after consulting your physician. Also avoid X-rays as the rays can severely harm the development of the fetus.
Avoid junk food
Junk food tends to increase your weight and since you would naturally be gaining weight due to growth of the baby, unwanted fat would lead to health problems for both you and your baby. You should remember that weight is directly related to blood pressure and diabetes during pregnancy. Stay hydrated always.
Fiber rich foods
Fiber rich foods such as fruits will help ease constipation problems and regularize your stomach functions. Fruits like strawberries are rich in folic acid and consuming them inadvisable. You could also take sprouts, cereals, spinach and legumes in your diet. It is always better to have small meals several times a day during pregnancy. As it will help you stay filled, fit and healthy.
Avoid physical relationship in first 3 months and last 10 weeks, even in between depending upon presence of any complicating factors during pregnancy.