Ultraviolet radiation and your eyes – How to protect your eyes from the sun and UV radiation

Eyes are most cherished of our senses because they are exposed to danger by going outside without any necessary precautions. Sometimes it may lead to eye and eyelid cancers.  Long term exposure to UV radiation can lead to cataracts, skin cancer around the eyelids and other eye disorders.

The sun’s rays can be seriously damaging the eyes and surrounding skin, sometimes leading to vision loss and conditions from cataracts and macular degeneration to eye and eyelid cancers. It will help to keep your eyes and the sensitive skin around them healthy. Protect our skin from sunburns; we also need to make sure our eyes are protected outside.

It is important to wear sunscreen for your skin, but your eyes also need protection. So extend exposure to the sun’s UV rays has been linked to eye damage, including cataracts, muscular degeneration. Protect your eyes from the sun’s harmful UV and HEV rays that will always wear good quality sunglasses when you are outdoors.

How the UV light affects eyesight?

The long and short term exposure to UV radiation harms the eyes. This also affects vision and compromise overall eye health. Thus, there are several eye diseases and are caused due to aggravated exposure to UV radiation.

Macular degeneration: The macular degeneration is due to the damage of the retina over time and can lead to cause of age related blindness. This also helps to extend exposure to UV light that can increase the risks of developing macular degeneration.

Pterygium: Pterygium is a pink and non-cancerous growth that can form with the layers of conjunctiva over the white of your eye. The UV light from the sun is believed to be a factor that is with the development of these growths.
Skin cancer: Skin cancer is around the eyelids that are linked to prolonged UV exposure.

Cataracts: A cataract is a clouding of the eye’s natural lens. This is a part of the eye that can focus the light we see with UV light, especially UV-B rays. This also increases the risk of certain types of cataracts. This is best when estimated with 10% of all cataract that cases and is directly attributed to UV exposure.

Photokeratitis: Photokeratitis are known as corneal sunburn or snow blindness, photokeratitis is the result of high short term exposure to UV-B rays. Thus, the long hours at the beach or skiing without proper eye protection that causes this problem. This is very painful and causes temporary vision loss.

How to protect your eyes from UV light?

Know the dangers: You should know the dangers of the UV rays that can come from many directions. They can radiate directly from the sun, but they are reflected from the ground, water, sand, snow and bright surfaces.

Proper eye protection with hats: You should protect your eyes with sunglasses that should be with a proper care.

  • You need to block out 99 to 100 percent of UV A and UV B radiation.
  • The screen out 75 to 90 percent of visible light.
  • Be perfect that is matched with a color and should be free of distortion and imperfection.

Should have lenses that are gray for proper color recognition.

Tips to protect your eyes

Protect your eyes

Try to wear a right kind of sunglasses when going outside. Even when it’s overcast. The sun rays can be just as damaging on a cloudy day.

Eye care professional

Check out with an eye care professional as all sunglasses don’t provide UV protection. The color of the lenses has nothing to do with it. It’s a function of the lens material or a treatment the lens has had. So it is better to wear clear lenses that can protect you, while some colored lenses can’t go further.

Wear sunglasses that block UV rays

You are not sure to have your eye care professional measure the lenses for UV capability. It takes a few seconds for complete peace of mind.

Select photo chromic or polarized lenses

Photochromic lenses can change from clear to dark automatically when exposed to UV rays. Polarized lenses reduce or eliminate glare and reflections from the sun. You can have coatings added to both lenses that reduce or eliminate glare and reflections from the sun.

Choose a big frame

Larger frames and wrap around styles that provide extra UV protection by blocking rays that come in from the side.

Lens colors

You may not go with gray or green lenses because they are neutral and don’t change color. If you want to see more contrast, choose brown. Just keep in mind that brown may distort colors a bit. The amount of the delicate skin around your eyes are as possible, sunglasses with large lenses or a close fitting wrap around style offer the best protection. Depending on your outdoor lifestyle, you must want to explore performance sunglasses or sport sunglasses.

Lifestyle

Select glasses and lenses that can protect your eyes and help to optimize your performance.

Eyewear

Protective eyewear should have a side shield that protects or wrap around the eye so light cannot enter the eye from side reflections.

Wear a hat

If possible, wear a hat that wills at least a three inch brim that can block sunlight from overhead.

Regular eye tests

You should go for regular eye deterioration from the sun that can easily be spotted during a routine exam. If caught in time, eye damage can probably be prevented.

Sun burns occur when too much UV radiation affects the skin. Skin turns red within 2 – 6 hours of being burnt and develops for 24 – 72 hours. It is enough to have UV exposure that has occurred to cause sunburn; the damaged skin may become more sensitive to infrared radiation.

It can cause permanent and irreversible skin damage that can lay the groundwork for skin cancer later in life. Your together with the number of severe sunburns, increases your risk of skin cancer.

  • Eye damage related to UV exposure that includes photoconjunctivitis, which is also known as snow blindness or welders flash. That may cause photokeratitis, muscular degeneration, cataracts, pterygiums and skin cancer of the conjunctiva and skin surrounding the eye.
  • Premature aging includes skin wrinkling, sagging, blotchiness, and roughness are caused by exposure to UV radiation.
  • Photosensitivity is an abnormally high sensitivity of the skin or eyes to UV radiation exposure. The skin can burn more easily, increasing your risk of skin cancer.

Most important makeup tips for girls who wear glasses

Eyeglasses make a big impact on your appearance. It can be quite difficult to create dramatic eye makeup when you wear vision aids. First, it comes to your personal preference to complement your eyeglass frames. The type of vision problem you are correcting plays an important role as well. There are a few trendy tips to help you look your best way. Check out your eyes may look too small or too large. Then eye makeup may interfere or imprints in the makeup that can be seen on your skin through the glasses. Here, you can see make tips to girls who wear glasses.

A pair of glasses may be a beautiful fashion accessory. Especially women who want strong lenses do find it a challenge to pair their glasses with makeup.

Maintain proper foundation

Use a proper foundation for your face. Make sure your makeup is weeping and water resistant. Select a foundation that is one shade lighter than your natural skin tone in these areas. Apply a thin layer to the lid and beneath the eyes. If it’s your oily skin tone, then use a light powder that will help to reduce shiny areas on the forehead, chin, and nose. Find the right foundation for a dark complexion to be easier that many hues are too light and end up resembling a mask. Skin tones on the forehead and chin differ from those on the cheeks, using two shades of foundation usually works best. Use gold or copper powder that is highlighting the cheekbones that gives the face a radiant look. Concealer or even camouflage makeup is very important for women with surface irregularities and pigmented spots on the skin.

Eye makeup for a glass wearing girls

Farsighted women wear glasses that they opt for dark, matte eye shadow to achieve a visual minimization of their eyes. Eye shadow is liquid or creamy in consistency that it is a better product for you to powder, because the glasses amplify the small loose color particles powder that contains. Refrain from using shiny or glittering eyeshadow that it is given these effects that are also emphasized by the lenses. Emphasize the fringes of the lid using dark eyeliner or a pencil. Thus, it will make your eyes look smaller. Apply everything with great care that the enlarging effect of your lenses will make makeup bloopers more evident. Apply lots of mascara to further increase the size of your eyes.

Eye makeup for far and near sighted women

Short sighted women should avoid dark eye shadow and thick eyeliners. Choose bright and shimmering colors such as rose, lavender, beige, light grey or white. Apply a lighter colored eye shadow to the interior corner of the eye to make your eyes look wide open. Choose a slightly darker hue as the center of the lid. Apply liner only from the last third of the width of the eye to the outer corner. Don’t apply too much mascara on the top and use no mascara or very little on the bottom.

Eyebrow tips to wear glasses

Eyebrow styling depends on the size and shape of your eyewear. Arched brows are in vogue to wear big, bold frames you might want to avoid heavy eyebrow makeup. Naturally light up or thinner eyebrows. Fill in your eyebrows with a color that’s too dark or make them appear too full. If you wear small frames, fill in your eyebrows with your natural color that can help to draw focus to your eyes and look. Use an eyebrow powder with a thin brush; lightly fill in your eyebrows using short, dash-like strokes. The natural arch of your brow that is more attracting.

Eyelids makeup tips when you use frame

Natural looking eye makeup that doesn’t always the best choice. Eyeglass frame advertisements will demonstrate that you can go bold with your makeup. Eyelashes and pops of eye shadow color are all great ways to play up your eyes. Choose a bright eye shadow color, to complement the color of your frames. If you don’t want them to clash, then it can cheapen the look.

Lips highlighting for girls who wear glasses

It is best to highlight either your eyes or your lips that can overdo. Eye-catching eyeglasses and love dramatic eye shadow skip the bold lip and pair your look with a colorless gloss or slightly tinted lip balm. The dramatic eyes and wear thin eyeliner, mascara and a fun, bright colored lipstick. It is especially cute with vintage style glasses.

Lighten up for eyeglass frames

You can observe that some of the eyeglasses frames can show a dark shadow around the eyes for some different lights. Now, you use a blend of lighter toned foundation under your eyes and similarly at the down center of your nose, which is called as contouring. The contouring makes you appear fresher and can highlights your eyes. You can take this one step further and fully contour your face by bronzing your cheek bone, forehead and both sides of nose. You should be careful that it is fully blend with the highlighting foundation and bronzer with a natural colored face makeup.

Eyebrow styling with shape and size of frame

Select the eyebrow styling that best suits for size and shape of your glass wear. This is thick and contour your eyebrows. The trendy eye brow styling are full, arched and defined. Try to avoid heavy eyebrow makeup for big and bold frames. Similarly for natural light hair or thinner eyebrows also. This makes you fill in your eyebrows with a color that’s too dark for them to appear too full. This helps to wear smaller, subtle frames and that fills your eyebrows with a natural color. This also helps to draw focus to your eyes and can enhance your look. Thus, use an eyebrow pencil or powder and it is better to use a thin brush. Use a short brush for lightly fill in eyebrows. Dash with the strokes and follow with the natural arch of your eyebrow.

  • Choose a sparkly navy or a deep burgundy liner. Avoid using black color as this black color is flattering to everyone. Black eyeliner is too heavy, but sparkly navy or a deep burgundy liner makes you look good. Thus, there is no matter what ever the skin tone or hair color you are having. This will brighten up your eyes and gives a cool look.
  • You should switch your looks with a sultry and smoky burgundy eye. The best way is to skip eye shadow and smudging a liner in a warm color like a deep plum that is close to your lash line for a sexy effect. Thus, the shades might be a bit much when magnified.
  • You can use a tinted moisturizer to cover the red marks that glasses leave behind on your nose.
  • Remove excess foundation using a blotting paper to keep your makeup onto your frames.

Natural ways to overcome eye minus

Eye minus is a disorder that occurs in the eye that makes a person unable to see objects at a distance that is too far. This problem can be experienced by anyone. The cause of the eye usually caused as a result of minus often read in the dark or do not get adequate lighting. It can also be caused due to reading while lying down, TV, exposed to radiation monitor, or mobile phone and so on. People with this problem usually wear glasses or contact lenses.

Symptoms of eye minus

A patient with nearsightedness has the axis of eye shadow that it is too convex objects. It falls from the retina. As a result the distant objects are not seen clearly. The symptoms are head pain, especially the front, eyes sore and heavy, feels like going out and excessive tears melted. It improves when eye rested or anti-pain medication.

Natural ways to reduce eye minus

Fruit and vegetables

If you want to reduce your eye minus naturally, this is the best solution. Consume foods that are good for the eyes. Good food to nourish the eye are avocado, eggs, garlic, carrots, onion erah, spinach, salmon and other green leafy vegetables. Consume healthy fruits directly by preparing them into juice or salad.

Train the eye

Train the eye to see distant objects without glasses. You can go into the fields or the beach because at that places have a point of view far and wide.

Treat eye with beautiful panorama

Looking at the expanse of the sea, that the mountain chain is decorated with greenery and helping to lower the minus eye. There is no harm in taking the time to relax that you have to visit the places that are beautiful scenery and panoramic. This helps to treat and spoil the eye.

Eye therapy

Treat the eye minus that with betel leaf. Betel leaves can help to cure eye minus by natural way. Clean betel leaves and applies it on your eyelids while you sleep. Apply it on a regular basis.

Perform gymnastics eyes

You can reduce eye minus by eye exercise every day. This will be helpful to train your eyes to focus. It can be done by looking at various objects that are different distances, and then blink the eyes normally with not too fast or too slow.

Wax therapy

Candles help to reduce the level of minus on your eyes. It is simply that, just light the candle and the wax face without much blinking. Try it not to blink too often so that many tears come out. This is simple and yet powerful enough to reduce eye minus on regular exercise.

Use glasses

Glasses are used for the last alternatively eye therapy. Use sunglasses that will reduce glare, just sake glasses that will probably restrict your vision.

Cleaning your eyes

You just clean the eyes regularly that can use eye drops and wear the glasses when driving. Thus, it is intended that your eyes are not in direct contact with the dust.

Some of the Bayes methods are as follows

Hide

Eye exercise helps to relax and rest. Try to sit comfortably at the table and then put a couple of pillows to high sejejer eyes. You just put your elbows on the pillow that it then closes your eye with the palms of the hands until no cahanya intake. Breathe slowly, relaxing and imaging in the dark. Do it for 10 minutes that to 2 – 3 times a day.

Shifting visions

People spent most of the time at the computer. So try to shift your vision on an object or a poster on the wall. It helps to improve peripheral vision and nearsightedness, farsightedness. It eliminates cataracts.

Sun

Close your eyes and look at the sun directly with your closed eyes. While looking at the sun, slowly just move your head to the left, and right as far as possible that until it touches shoulders. It also helps to bring more circulation to the neck. Do it for 3 – 5 minutes. Repeat if once a day and it required a sunny day.

Wiggle eyes

Try to stand and focus on distant objects or point. Toss the ball from the left and right eye or vice versa, while flashing 100 times per day. Flash useful that to clean and lubricate the eyes.

Eight Ways to Keep Your Eyes Healthy

Eyes are literally our windows to the world, but some people take the time to care for the body part that imparts the precious gift of sight. There are many easy ways to treat your eyes with the respect they deserve. Dr. Scott Greenstein, an ophthalmologist at Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, offers these suggestions to keep your eyes healthy:

Get an Eye Exam, No Matter Your Age

Greenstein recommends all children get a full eye exam before beginning kindergarten and every few years after. Going to see an ophthalmologist is not just for the people who are having glasses, but also adults should get their eyes checked, even if there is no problem.

“There are many people that think if they can see reasonably well, that’s the end of the story,” he says. “They may have some ophthalmic condition that’s undiagnosed.” Headaches are due to a vision impairment that is forcing the eye to strain.

Greenstein says the eye damage has so many causes, but computer screens are not one of them. “There is no evidence that you can overuse your eyes,” he says. Eyestrain from staring at a screen is not a disorder that causes any anatomical or structural damage; eyestrain may be due to other problems, so if there is any change in vision or change to the eye, he recommends seeing an ophthalmologist.

Manage Your Diabetes

Diabetic retinopathy is a condition where high blood sugar damages blood vessels behind the retina. That blood then can leak out into the retina, causing vision problems. Anyone with type 1 or type 2 diabetes should receive an annual eye exam. “Poor blood sugar control increases your risk, and better control lowers your risk,” Greenstein explained. Even so, diabetics who are controlling their blood sugar still can develop eye problems.

Carrots Are Not Enough

Despite dinner time advice dished out by parents, eating fruits and vegetables will not save or enhance your vision, according to Greenstein. For some people with unhealthy optic nerves or a very dry cornea, diet can make a difference, but those cases are rare.

That does not mean that a balanced and varied diet of fruits and vegetables will not contribute to eye and overall health. A balanced diet, for instance, is a key to control diabetes, which can cause eye damage.

For certain macular degeneration patients, vitamins A, C, E and zinc have been shown to reduce the risk and severity of this condition. But for the majority of macular degeneration patients, Greenstein cautioned, a supplement of these vitamins will not cause any harm — but will also not improve vision.

Check Your Medication

Flomax, a medication for male urinary symptoms due to benign prostatic hyperplasia, can complicate cataract surgery, Greenstein noted, and men should consider whether they are going to need cataract surgery before beginning this medication.

Prednisone, a synthetic corticosteroid drug used to treat a range of autoimmune diseases, also has been shown to increase the risk for glaucoma and cataracts when taken for long periods of time. It is best to tell your ophthalmologist about any medications you are taking at each visit.

Wear Sunglasses

It may seem obvious, but “if you spend any time outdoors, you should wear a hat and sunglasses,” Greenstein says. This is not just an issue of comfort.

Studies have shown that repeated sun exposure could increase the incidence of cataracts, which cause cloudy vision as well as macular degeneration, a condition that reduces vision in the central part of the retina.

Obviously, the bigger the lens, the more of the eye is protected, but any style with ultraviolet protection is sufficient. For those who are looking for maximum protection, Greenstein noted yellow and orange tinted lenses have been shown in some studies to absorb the wavelength of light that increases the risk for cataracts and macular degeneration.

But if the idea of a lemon-tinted world turns you green, that’s fine, he says. The best protection from sunglasses comes from having a pair you will want to wear for any and all sun exposure.

Eye Protection: Not Just for Welders

Many high-risk occupations, such as welding, require eye protection because the cornea can be severely burned from a stray spark. Greenstein says he also has seen that same degree of damage from skiers who were not wearing goggles.

Besides skiing, the backyard can be a potential danger zone for eyes. Weed whackers and Lawnmowers can send debris flying, and even raking or pruning can shoot a stray branch into the cornea. Not only should goggles be worn for a range of gardening activities, Greenstein says, but also for racquetball, squash and even basketball, which can produce many fingers straight into the eye.

Take Your Contacts Out

Although the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approves some contacts for “extended wear,” that is not a free pass to leave them in as long as you want, Greenstein says. Leaving contacts in too long, especially overnight, can lead to infection. “Even if it is approved for extended wear,” he says, “I do not recommend it.”

Do Not Wait to Get Cataract Surgery

Greenstein says many patients who have a cataract wait years after an initial diagnosis to get surgery because they are waiting for the cataract to be “ripe,” but “The longer you wait, the higher the risk to get it out,” he says. “The eye is not a piece of fruit.”