Causes and symptoms of viral diseases: cold, flu, throat pain and viral fever – Types of viral infections

Most of the people are suffering from viral infections due to the tremendous changes in climate. Wherever you see, you will see people suffering with cold, cough and fever due to changes in climate. People are affected with the increase in different viruses. The viral infections are more caused in rainy season, when compared to other seasons. Apart from normal rainy viral infections like cold, flu and fever, we are also facing malaria, dengue and chicken Guinea, which are also seen from past three – four years. These diseases may be caused by starting with fever and people are afraid of it. Most of them are not able to justify their problem until they reach the doctor. These viral diseases like cold, flu and fever can be treated with natural home remedies and don’t need to consult any doctor. These all are common and well know viral diseases that are seen in many people. But, don’t neglect to visit a doctor, when you are suffering with malaria and dengue.

You should be careful and visit the doctor based on your symptoms. So, here we are going to explain the symptoms and causes to create awareness to the people about these viral diseases.

Cold causes and its symptoms

How to get rid of cough & cold

Cold is caused due to virus. This is due to ‘Rino Virus’. Rino viruses can change their shape and increases with new born viruses. So, you should be careful to treat cold by increasing your immunity system to fight against this virus. For, thus you need to take antibiotics that fights virus to treat from the cold. That’s the reason always cold suffers you for at least a week. Normal cold stays for a week and is reduced automatically. Here, we go with what we can do to treat cold.

Symptoms of cold

  • Nasal passage
  • Throat infection and pain
  • Sneezing and cough
  • Water from eyes
  • Body pains
  • Weariness

Tips to get rid of cold

  • Take cetirizine tablet, which is an antibiotic to treat cold.
  • Steam Vaporizer to get rid of a runny nose and sore throat caused by cold. This helps to melt the mucus and clear nasal passage. Steam vaporizing opens clogged nasal passage. It is recommended to use a tissue instead of a handkerchief. As it is easy to use and throw it away and no need wash. We wash handkerchief, but there may be some bacteria present in it and can again reverse back cold again when you use it back. So, that’s the reason, use tissues than a handkerchief.

Natural remedies for cough & cold

  • Make sure to clean your hands always as it may have cold viruses and may stick to any of the parts of the body which is more affected. Cleanse your hands before touching eyes, nose and mouth.
  • It is better to take rest and not to go to the office as it can spread to others.
  • Consume lots of fluids such as fruit juices and water rich foods.
  • Avoid cold drinks.

One should take antibiotics if needed! Don’t take antibiotics as soon as cold has started, they won’t work. Antibiotics won’t work for cold as it starts with a virus. If you see it after a week, then it may reduce or else again cold may attack along with cough. Cold starts with a virus and turned to bacteria at this stage. Then, it’s time to use antibiotics. You need to consult the doctor, as and when the cold is still irritating after a week and leads to cough. You need to complete the medication as suggested by doctor.

Viral fever

Nowadays some people are suffering from viral fever without the symptoms of a cold. You may think that the viral fevers are cured automatically without any medications, but you need to consult the doctor. Take care of your health and don’t neglect them as they are normal viral fever, because there may be a chance of occurrence of Malaria, Dengue and Chicken Guinea.

What is viral fever?

Home remedies for viral fever

Viral fever can be identified with 102 degree body temperature and may be more, severe headache, body pains and tiredness as they may not be able to even stand and sit. But, in some patients you can observe skin rashes, vomiting’s and motions. These viral fevers can stand up to 3 – 4 days and may decrease as it is normally by taking a paracetamol tablet. But, when the temperature is not decreasing and if you are still suffering with high temperature, then you need to definitely consult a doctor. Based upon the symptoms, the doctor will treat you accordingly as a result of Dengue or Malaria or Chicken Guinea. The symptoms of Dengue are severe body pains and severe fever. Some of the Chicken Guinea symptoms are fever for 1- 2 days, but as soon as the fever is gone, then the patient struggles with severe bone pain.

When you have symptoms of sever fever and headache and you don’t have an idea what it is? To find the attacked viral fever, one should test for NS1 antigen to know whether it is dengue or not. If you notice high temperature with shivering, then you can go for an RDT test to know that it is malaria or not.

Throat pain

Throat is due to virus problems. So, the people who have throat pain are cured normally and no need to go for any medications.

  • Take warm salt water and gargle them for several times to get rid of throat pain. Instead of warm salt water, one can use antiseptic lotions for gargling.
  • Take paracetamol tablet, if you feel there is increase in body temperature.

How to soothe sore throat

But, few people may affect with streptococcal bacteria that causes throat pain. This is treated with antibiotics for 2 – 3 days. Similarly, you can find white pus cells in your throat, at that time you need to consult your doctor. Don’t neglect, when the children are suffering with throat pain. Immediately you need to consult your doctor, because some children have rheumatic fever. This is a kind of fever that effects on the children’s heart. So, you need to consult a doctor as soon as your kid has throat pain.

Flu fever

Flu fever is caused due to different flu viruses. Other than the flu fever, all other fevers are cured automatically and there is no need of any treatment. The symptoms of flu fever are throat pain, 101 degree temperature and body pains. These stays for 2 – 3 days and are reduced, which doesn’t need any treatments. After the third day, if you feel the same symptoms, then you need to consult your doctor. For some people, the flu virus is spread to the lungs and causes pneumonia. This is because you need to consult a doctor if you feel the same symptoms continuing in third day also. During that time, the person is hard to take a breath, severe cough, fever and weariness are continued or else you can notice blood clots along with mucus are the major symptoms of flu fever.

The older people have to take care and are treated immediately. People by the age of 65 or more may have diabetes and heart problems should take care. And also pregnancy, sinusitis patients and children should be careful and are treated immediately. These people with flu fever leads to pneumonia symptoms as well. One should clarify that they are suffering with normal cold or flu, as the symptoms seems to be similar. They should be treated by the doctor with the confirmation of flu or normal cold.

How to treat fever at home

Basically, cold is a normal health issue with nasal passage and cough. Usually, as soon as a person is affected by cold, may also suffer from fever. But, flu is different and is more compared to normal cold symptoms. The symptoms of flu fever are dry cough, throat pain, 101 degree fever, along with them, they may have sever body pains and headache.

Nowadays, doctors suggest to the patients with diclofenac, ibuprofen and Nimesulide as painkillers. But, it is better to take normal paracetamol instead of all these painkillers. This is because some of the viral fevers cause low blood platelet count. If the patient uses these drugs, they may result in a decrease in their blood platelet count. Some of them use steroids to get rid of a fever, but it is also not safe. Due to consumption of steroids, there may be decrease in resistance power and is harmful to you with a severe viral fever. One should take plenty of fluids and take rest during the time.

How to stop hair loss – Natural home remedies to control hair fall

Hair loss and its treatment will be very helpful to those who loses their hair. As there is a saying that prevention is better than cure, so the people should always take some precautionary steps which would stop hair loss. The hair loss should be treated with the help of shedding hair set in. Pollution is the major cause for this problem. The harmful sun rays make your hair rough, brittle, fragile, breakable.

Major causes of hair fall

Surgery and illness

A few months of surgery causes hair fall. Critical illness can also result in it. It may be due to stress and some medicinal products used during surgery. Lack of nutrients and anemia may also result in hair fall.

Hormonal imbalance

Hair loss can be experienced due to hormones. If the thyroid is under active over active, people might see their hair falling out. Diseases like diabetes, lupus speed up hair loss.

Infections

It is the most dangerous and common thing in many people. Due to some fungal infections on the scalp may result in hair loss. So it is better to maintain separate combs and keep it neat and clean every time you use it.

Dandruff

When the scalp is dry, then it sticks onto the hair in the form of flakes. These flakes do not allow the air to flow inside the hair cells. It is better to cure this disease in the starting stage as it is most dangerous diseases that may lead to baldness.

Prevention tips for hair fall

Choose right shampoo to control hair loss

It is better to choose a right shampoo that can control hair fall because different people with different hair care products may results best. Alkaline based hair shampoos can damage hair so it is better to avoid them. Select the shampoo that will give more volume and bounce. Check the information that is should be with a pH factor in the 4.5 to 7 range is safe.

Use a wide tooth comb to stop hair fall

You have to be very careful in selecting your hair comb because is particularly fragile when wet. It may cause too much tension on the hair that causes it to break. It is better to use a wide tooth comb and you need to lightly comb your hair with care.

Use a moisturizing shampoo for hair care

You need to select a moisturizing shampoo that suits you most. Have a super oily hair that can ever have alternate day cleansing hair schedule. It can prevent drying out of your hair.

Proper nutrition to control hair fall

Proper nutrition helps to control hair fall. Eating the right amount of protein rich food like fish, beans, and nuts which are very important. Maintain a balanced protein, nutrients like fat and carbohydrates. Include fruits and vegetables in your diet. Maintain good health to prevent hair fall.

Avoid stress for hair care

One should avoid stress that it has a direct bearing on the health of overall body including hair. You need to be timed out of your busy schedules to get rid of mental stress. Keep yourself mentally fresh.

Hair massage to strengthen hair strands

Hair fall may occur due to hair strands being weak. Massage your hair with herbs like amla, shikakai and reetha that helps to strengthen. It also nourishes your hairs. So, it is essential to massage, hair with tanning lotions.

Wash your hair

You need to wash your hair at least every 3 days with a gentle hair cleanser or shampoo. Thus, it will remove all accumulated dust, dirt, oil, and bacteria build up. Keep it clean at all times to avoid hair fall due to unclean scalp and infections.

Choose right hairstyles

Hairstyles become more fashion in today’s world. Try to avoid frequent wearing tight ponytails, braids, rubber bands that may pull back hair tightly. Don’t over do hairstyle that damage your hair with excess heating foils.

Enough sleeping to stop hair care

One should have enough sleep to ensure that the body gets an ample rest. So minimizing the stress factor that translates into healthy hair.

More water for hair loss

Take more and more quantity of water along with fresh fruits and green vegetables. As they will help to protect your body from dehydration.

Stop smoking to avoid hair fall

Smoking is a major negative impact on the body’s circulatory system. Hair follicles thrive on a constant supply of oxygenated blood. Smoking causes the body to produce more adrenaline, a stress hormone.

Tips to prevent hair loss naturally

Hair care tips to control hair fall

The dirty hair that is likely to get infected and is more likely to fall and keep your hair clean. Thus, the good quality shampoo and hair products are best used for hair loss. It is better to concentrate on your scalp and hair roots to get rid of hair fall. Apply a conditioner or hair lotion, to concentrate on your ends for hair care. This helps to tend to dry out faster and is more vulnerable to the damaged hair. It is better to regularly trim your hair and that make you look and feel better. This is best and to annoying the split ends.

Follow proper lifestyle

Hair, skin and nail care are important and will be good only when they are general in health. If you are healthy and is often to your hair that will probably look good is by only hair falling. The best sign of possible health problems are with a proper hair care. The good health with the application to hair is by eating fruits and vegetables, such as Vitamin B, iron, calcium and zinc that are especially relevant to healthy hair. These are better and easy to add into your diet with protein rich property. It is very important to take care of adequate water.

Stop things that are bad for your hair

This best and apparently gain with an unhealthy hair practices. Wearing trendy stylish hairstyle. Pull your hair tightly with many women pull their hair so tight it comes out of its roots. Try to change your hairstyle that will recover and is might permanently stop growing from the areas it is pulled. Any chemical treatments are designed to drastically change the way your hair looks. Don’t blow drying your hair and can dries out the scalp and can damage hair follicles. Allow the hair to get rid of dry air and is at least part of the time. Change the heat setting on your blower to lowest. You can put out some hair strands from the roots and stretch the break of others.

Homemade face packs for skin rashes

Summer is hot with the blazing sun, and humid temperature. Due to excess sweating, many people tend to suffer from heat rashes. They end up by blocking the sweat glands and results the sweat gets trapped in the skin. There are some natural treatments that can help you clear up a rash on your face.

Skin is made up of three layers like epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous tissue. Rashes may be caused by different things and many rashes are very distinguishing. Any red mark or spot that appears on the skin is often itchy which is defined as a rash. It may be due to an allergic reaction caused by ingesting. Rashes are the symptoms of certain diseases like chicken pox, scarlatina or measles.

Facial rashes appear as reddish or pink in color on the face that often becomes a source of embarrassment. Common types of facial rashes are Acne, Rosacea, Contact Dermatitis, Seborrheic Dermatitis, Facial Psoriasis etc.

Causes of skin rashes

  • Reactions to chemicals or medicines
  • Bacterial or viral rashes
  • Allergies and fungi
  • Psoriasis
  • Reactions to the sunlight
  • Eczemas
  • Psychological causes

The most common cause is having dry skin, causing allergic reactions due to food, medicine, jewelry, etc., bacterial, fungal or viral infections due to certain cosmetic products, climatic and environmental factors.

Natural home remedies for face rashes 

Baking soda and water for skin rash

Place a cold compress on the affected area with another popular home remedy for facial rashes as it helps to relieve and inflammation. Mix baking soda and water that are useful in reducing itching related rashes.

Oatmeal to treat skin rash

Take a cup of oatmeal and cook them well. Smash it into a fine paste and let it cool. Apply this paste on your face and leave it for 10 minutes. Wash it off with cold water.

Basil, olive oil and fresh garlic to prevent skin problems

Take ¼ cup whole basil leaves with 6 tablespoons of olive oil and one whole garlic clove in a food processor. Blend them and puree it to form a thick paste. Massage the mixture onto clean skin with your fingertips. Leave it for about 30 minutes. Rinse your skin with lukewarm water. Repeat it twice per day and you can refrigerate it for about 48 hours.

Primrose oil to moisturize skin

Take some primrose oil and apply it on your face. Leave it for about 20 minutes and then wash it off. It is highly beneficial and naturally cures for face rashes. Repeat this therapy about thrice a week.

Papaya juice for glowing skin

Take one piece of ripe papaya and prepare juice with it. Blend juice from cucumber and tomato. Mix them well and apply it on your face where the rashes appear. Leave it till dry. Then wash it off with cold water.

Comfrey essential oil and jojoba oil for skin care

Take 1 teaspoon of comfrey essential oil with 10 teaspoon of jojoba oil in a small dark bottle and shake them well to combine the ingredients. Mix a small amount of mixture onto a clean cotton pad and rub it gently on the skin. Leave it for about 20 – 25 minutes. Rinse with cool water. Repeat it daily.

Sandalwood to get smooth face

Take 2 tablespoons of sandalwood powder and mix it with rose water. Apply this paste on your face and leave it for some time. Then wash it off with water.

Dandelion flowers for face

Take a cup of dandelion flowers and add them in two cups of boiling water. Strain the solution after an hour apply this solution on our face. Leave it for about 30 minutes. Repeat it twice in a week.

Aloe vera gel and turmeric powder

A mixture of aloe vera gel and turmeric powder is used to clear up rashes on the skin and face. Combine 2 tablespoon of aloe vera gel with ¼ teaspoon of turmeric powder in a small container. Stir them well to combine. Massage a thick layer of the mixture on the skin before bed and leave it in overnight. Rinse your skin with cool water. Repeat it daily.

Chamomile leaves to get rid of skin rash

Take some chamomile leaves that can also be steeped in boiling water. Leave it for about 5 minutes and then strain the solution. Cool the face rash and apply it on your face. Leave it for some time till it dry and then wash off with cold water.

Nutmeg and raw milk for skin scars

There are certain face rashes that leave behind scar marks. Apply a combination of ground nutmeg and raw milk. Leave it for about 2 hours and then rinse it with lukewarm water. It prevents scars.

Cinnamon powder and honey for pimple acne rash

Cinnamon and honey are the best ingredients for most of the skin problems. Take some cinnamon powder and add honey into it. Mix them well and apply it all over your face. Apply this paste to your face and leave it all over night. Rinse it off in the next day morning with warm water. Repeat the process daily for two times for skin rashes.

Strawberry leaves to get rid of skin rashes

Strawberry leaves are best to treat skin problems such as acne and pimple marks from your skin. This helps to remove the pain and acne swellings that affect on your face. Strawberry leaves help to remove skin rashes and gives a clear skin. Some people may suffer skin rashes due to extreme cold and can use these tips to reduce skin rashes.

Lemon juice for skin rashes

Lemon is the best fruit for all skin problems. This is rich in Vitamin C and is effective for dry and pimple free skin faster and naturally. Squeeze out some fresh lemon juice and apply it all over your face, acne and skin rashes. This is good for sensitive skin and you can add a pinch of cinnamon powder in lemon juice. Apply this smooth paste your face and leave it until it gets dry. Rinse it off with lukewarm water. Lemon has anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties which help to reduce pain and skin rash quickly.

Ice pack for skin rashes

Ice is the natural and simple home treatment. Thus, you can get rid of skin rashes and pimple marks with ice pack. Ice reduces pimple marks by bringing them to redness and inflammation. Ice provides quick relief from redness and inflammation. Thus, it can reduce pain and some time creates numbness due to excessive coldness. This helps in improving blood circulation as the skin gets back its natural form. This gives a natural and refreshing skin and glow. Thus, apply a small piece of ice cube all over your skin and helps to tighten and remove the oil and dirt completely.

Natural home remedy with the healing power of turmeric

Turmeric is a common herb and is known as the queen of spices. Turmeric is known for anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and astringent properties. Turmeric has vitamin E, C, K, potassium, iron, protein, sodium etc. It helps to treat health and beauty problems as well as used in Ayurvedic medicines. A tablespoon of turmeric consists of 24 calories and zero cholesterol. It is rich in dietary fiber, iron, potassium, magnesium, and vitamin B6.

Health benefits of turmeric

The main ingredients of turmeric that is widely researched therapeutic and pharmaceutics are mainly used on its immunity boosting and anti-oxidant properties.

Boosting immunity

Curcumin has huge therapeutic value and boosting immunity with the lip polysaccharide which is present in turmeric. This helps to protect you from colds, flu and coughs. They are used to get a cold, a cough, or the flu. Mix one teaspoon of turmeric powder in a glass of warm milk and drinking.

Throat infection

A teaspoon of turmeric powder boiled in two cups of water. Strain the solution and gargled with that. This gives you relief from a throat infection.

Prevents cancer

Turmeric helps to prevent prostate cancer, stop the growth of existing prostate cancer. Multiple researchers have found that the active component in turmeric that makes it one of the best protectors against radiation that induced tumors. It can prevent effective against tumor cells, such as T-cell leukemia, colon carcinomas, and breast carcinomas.

Cough and chest infections

Boil a tablespoon of carom seeds in a cup of water. Add a teaspoon of turmeric and honey. Take about ¼ cup for about 2 – 4 times a day. Take a glass of hot milk with a teaspoon of each of turmeric and honey that relieves congestion and cough. Have it on an empty stomach.

Control diabetes

Turmeric can treat diabetes to moderate insulin levels. It improves glucose that control and increases the effect of medications that is used to treat diabetes. It is a significant benefit that is turmeric’s effectiveness in helping reduce insulin resistance. It may prevent the onset of Type – 2 diabetes. Strong medications, turmeric can cause hypoglycemia. It is best to consult a healthcare professional before taking turmeric capsules.

Indigestion

Prepare a decoction of ½ a teaspoon of each of cloves and black pepper. A tablespoon of cumin seeds, ¼ teaspoon of turmeric, and ½ a teaspoon of rock salt. Mix them well in a liter of water. Boil them into a half liter and have 2 tablespoons of 3 – 4 times a day for about 2 – 3 days.

Wound protector

Turmeric can be used for effective disinfection. If you have a cut or burn, you can sprinkle turmeric powder on the affected area to speed up the healing process. It helps to repair damaged skin and may be used to treat psoriasis and other inflammatory skin conditions.

Flatulence

Take a teaspoon of turmeric in a glass of hot water. Add a pinch of rock salt, drunk them while still hot and give you immediate relief from flatulence.

Reduces cholesterol level

Turmeric food seasoning can reduce serum cholesterol levels. It is known fact that high cholesterol can lead to other serious health problems. A proper cholesterol level can prevent many cardiovascular diseases.

Jaundice

Take ¼ of a teaspoon of turmeric stirred in a glass of warm water. Take it thrice a day with a little jaggery that is very beneficial as turmeric. It has antiseptic as well as healing properties. It cures liver problems like jaundice.

Maintaining body weight

Turmeric powder helps to maintain an ideal body weight. It helps to increase the flow of bile, an important component in the breakdown of dietary fat. Lose weight or treat obesity and other associated diseases that can benefit with one teaspoon of turmeric powder with every meal.

Sprains

Take a teaspoon of fresh ginger paste and add a level teaspoon of turmeric powder. It can be added that should be applied liberally to sprain area and bandaged lightly. If there is any swelling, then adding a little salt to the paste helps to cure it.

Fungal infections

Apply turmeric on wounds and cuts that helps to heal quickly. Like that apply the ground raw turmeric juice will cure fungal infection.

Home remedies for seborrheic dermatitis

This is the common skin problem faced by all age groups. The causative reasons are not only the hereditary but also the stress, pollution, lifestyle, medical therapies like diabetes/obesity, extreme climatic conditions, junk foods, and usage of strong detergents or soaps on the skin. This appears as the oily/ dry, scaly, itchy swelling of the face, eyebrows, under arms, upper chest, back and other body parts. As it is a recurrent disease, proper care should be taken in order to avoid it. So here we are discussing the tips for controlling this itchy & irritated dermatitis.

Golden jojoba oil

The organic jojoba oil is used to treat many skin infections as it loosens the scalp and increases the sebum secretion, apart from removing the dirt from clogged spots. Applying this oil onto the skin relieves from itching and irritation and nourishes the skin.

Coconut oil

Apply the pure coconut oil onto the affected area gives an anti fungal, antimicrobial, anti inflammatory action. This gives the soothing effect when it is applied.

Beeswax

Applying this onto the affected area gives the soothing effect because of its moisturizing effect.

Neem leaves

Neem leaves paste is prepared and applied directly to the affected areas. This gives better relief from inflammation and irritation caused by a rash. Neem oil is also used for application.

Tea tree oil

This oil has antiseptic properties help in the reduction of inflammation. Apply it over the affected areas leave for some time and wash it off later. This relieves from pain. Care to be taken because some people can cause allergic reactions due to this oil. It can be used alone or in the shampoos for application onto the scalp.

Lavender oil  

This oil gives calming and soothing effect of acne, boils, burns, seborrheic dermatitis, eczema, insect bites, psoriasis, stings, etc., because it contains anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties more than the other oils.

Rosemary oil

This oil decreases the over secretions of the skin and nourishes the scalp, so that it improves the hair growth.

Patchouli oil  

It is very effective in curing out the rough, cracked, scaly, flaky, and overly dehydrated skin. It is mostly used to treat acne, eczema, sores, dandruff, and fungal infections.

Peppermint oil

This relieves skin irritation and itching apart from reducing redness and inflammation. It gives very soothing and cooling effect when applied to the affected area.

Eucalyptus oil

This oil is mostly used in skin infections as it soothes inflammation and redness. It acts as a powerful antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, and astringent.

Eat fish twice a week

Fish contains omega 3 fatty acids that help to reduce the skin diseases. At least try to eat fish oil supplements if you cannot go with fish directly.

Aloe vera

Aloe vera gel is the best homemade tip used in case of rash. As it contains the vitamin C, E & anti inflammatory properties apart from antibacterial & fungal properties. Apply its juice on the affected area aloe creams reduces scaling & itching maximum if applied continuously for 4-6 weeks.

Chamomile oil

Oil helps in the synthesis of new white blood cells by destroying the dead cells. There by this gives protection from harmful organisms. The herb is boiled and squeezes the oil. This oil is added to some water and applied onto the affected area. It slows down the irritation.

Olive oil

Mixing this oil in the bath water along with the milk will relieve you from scaly and soaring psoriasis. Mineral oil also used for soaring and itching skin. Having a bath with this oil gives soothing effect. Gentle massage of warm olive oil onto the scaly scalp softens the skin and gives much relief. Have the regular shampoo later helps to wash out the oil. A gentle massage with the vegetable oils reduces the stress and pain caused by psoriasis. If any irritation persists still avoid massaging.

Avoid over scratching

Scratching may increase the irritation and worsens the infection, so, avoid it. Apply any moisturizing cream in order to avoid scratching.

Cleaning yourself

Have a bath daily with light warm water helps to keep the skin clean and to avoid spreading the previous rash further.

Wear smooth clothes

Wearing smooth clothes helps with free air circulation and reduces the irritation.

These tips are easily followed at home and can minimize the horrible situations.

Eye care tips for you and your family

As we know eyes play an important role in our body and in our daily works. To have good eye care is very important. Many of the diseases are genetic. Make sure about the family eye history, whether to pay an attention to any hereditary eye related problems by the doctor. If they are known prior, preventive measures can be taken in order to avoid serious risks later. By following some tips we can protect ourselves and our family from eye problems. If computer is being often used aside you and your family members. So, it’s better to follow some of these tips.

Minimize the time spent on computers/electronic devices with you and your family

Decrease the time spent on televisions, mobile phone android games, video games, and computers. Make sure that by taking a break for every 30-60 minutes of work or playing a game. At least make a habit of seeing other objects for 3-5 minutes during play as intervals. This helps in reducing stress on the eyes. To maintain some distance from the monitor of the computer. This allows complete blinking thereby reducing symptoms of dryness and eye fatigue.

Make the family and yourself to increase the time spent on outdoor/indoor games

Make a habit of playing more indoor games such as chess, cricket, ball games, caroms etc., so that they can increase their physical fitness and also can improve eye concentration.

You and your family members make a habit of taking the breaks while playing or using computers or sewing

Make a habit of taking short, frequent breaks rather than longer less frequent breaks. During breaks, sprinkle water on your face by closing your eyes. This gives relaxing effect and helps you feel refreshed.

Dietary habits to be followed by you and your family

Fruits and vegetables

A balanced diet is necessary for the healthy family, so make sure that the diet containing lots of green vegetables like spinach, carrots, beet-root and yellow fruits, including mango and papaya which are rich in carotene (A precursor of Vitamin A), milk, egg, which helps in development and also increase longevity of eyes as well.

Antioxidants

This protects the eyes from free radicals, which are released from our body. Antioxidant substances include Vitamin A, B, C, beta-carotene, selenium, lycopene and lutein and can be found in fruits, vegetables, nuts, grains, some meats, poultry and fish. This prevents cataract and age-related eye diseases.

Eye care habits

You need to implement an adequate lighting while studying, or doing any work. Especially during the times of reading allow the children to hold the book about 30-40 cms away. Check the monitor screen is at least 50-60 cms far away while using computer. Avoid seeing TV very close to it. Reading or playing during journey also cause strain to the eyes so avoid it. Make sure that a sleep of 8 hours is must for a growing eyes and body.

Glasses

If already had a glasses, no need or else use glasses of good quality in order to protect from increasing sight but only after the doctor prescribed. Keep your prescriptions of glasses up to date. Keep a practice of wearing safety glasses in case of fireworks or any hazardous work with you and your family.

Doctor visits

A regular check up on you and your family is necessary by the ophthalmologists. Make a habit of checking the children before going school for near and farsightedness and also even the adults in the family should check about cataracts, vision problems, glaucoma, and other eye problems with aging eyes.

Avoid smoking

Smoking is very prone to getting cataracts, optic nerve damage, and macular degeneration. Sometimes it may lead to damage of vision, voice box and finally cause damage to brain nerves. So avoiding smoking is mandatory if anyone has a habit of smoking in your family.

Household’s cleanliness

Keeping the household things clean is mandatory because unhygienic conditions lead to bacterial growth. Make a habit of washing the hands before touching eyes of the children. As bacteria are infectious to eyes, keep them clean while makeup the eyes or using a lens.

Regular blood pressure checkup

The adults in the family should take care about checking the B.P regularly. Even at home this can do and should keep it normal by the dietary supplements rather going with drugs.

These tips are generally followed at home in order to prevent from serious effects. This helps the family not to be infected by any hereditary diseases.

Tips for anti aging eyes

As we know eyes express more feelings such as love, joy, excitement. At the same time, they also show early signs of sun damage, stress, and illness than anywhere else on the body. So we have to protect them from various stress conditions which leads to hiding those pretty expressions due to hectic work load. Here we discuss some tips to prevent anti aging effect.

Egg

Egg white is used as the best remedy for skin tightening and to get a younger looking skin. It’s a natural anti aging skin care. Apply egg white mask to the eyes and wash it off after 10-15 min.

Sleep habits

Sleeping for more hours helps and gives time for your body to repair the dryness. Try to sleep at least seven hours each night. It’s the best tip on preventing eyes from aging and any infections.

Drink water

When a person is dehydrated, especially in an air-conditioned office, the body starts storing water as a defense mechanism. So drink plenty of water which helps in reducing aging of the eyes and puffiness around the eyes and gives relaxation.

Checking over anti aging creams

The qualities of creams are not so good nowadays. So check over the ingredients it is manufactured regarding fragrance and preservatives. Sometimes they contain phthalates, neurotoxins, triclosan, which may lead to disruption of endocrine glands, irritation, and allergic reactions too.

Lemon juice

It is a good source of citric acid, which helps in shedding of skin dead cells. It also works as a deep cleansing agent and gives soothing effect. It works as an excellent way in reducing the aging of the eyes. Gently rub a bit of lemon juice onto your eyes and leave it for 5-10 minutes and then wash it off. You can also use along with amla powder, honey, vitamin E oil onto your face and apply it. This gives a good result.

Minimize stress

It’s better to reduce stress conditions as they lead to accelerate cellular skin aging.

Rose water treatment

Whenever you feel so tired clean eyes with rose water gives you relief and glowing eyes apart from the freshness. Washing with a combination of rosewater and lemon juice minimizes the aging of the eyes and gives dirt free eyes.

Green tea bags

Rinses the tea bags in cold water and apply it over darken areas of eyes for about 15-20 minutes. This helps to appear eyes healthier, bright, and free from inflammation. The antioxidants like polyphenols present in it help in protecting skin from harmful free radicals which may lead to aging.

Aloe vera

Aloe vera gel acts as an immediate relief of the dryness of the eyes. It also cures the eyelid rashes and scabs that are caused by dry skin and flakes. Fresh gel is preferred always or else checks for the preparation which has no preservatives by seeing the label on it.

Chilled cotton balls

Placing the dipped cotton balls in chilled water over the eyes for 5-10 minutes gives the soothing effect & stress free. Too much stress on the eyes may finally lead to aging.

Cold compress

Cold compress is made either out of cold water or bags of ice cubes. Place it on the eyes and allow it for some time, when you feel them warm, dip either in cold water, or add more ice depending on what you are using. Repeat till the puffiness drains out. This is the best tip for soothing eye.

Chilled spoon

Allow the rounded spoon to cool in the fridge for a few minutes. Once cooled, take it off and place it against the puffy portion of the eyes. This is a very effective method in reducing puffiness

Almonds and milk

Soak the almonds last night. Peel them off and eat them in the next morning. Have a glass of milk later. This gives pretty & healthy eyes.

Fruits and vegetables

A balanced diet is necessary for protecting the eyes and also for healthy eyes, so make sure that the diet containing lots of green vegetables like spinach, carrots, beet-root and yellow fruits including mango, orange and papaya which are rich in carotene (A precursor of Vitamin A), milk, nuts, beans, egg. This helps in the development and increasing longevity of eyes and aging as well.

Nowadays, people in their younger age are looking aged due to the hectic work load. These homemade tips are very much useful in order to minimize the aging of the eyes as well as face. So make use of these tips by the items which are easily available in the market.

Winter health care guidelines

Every will wear warm clothes and stay as much as they can in their cozy homes in winter. Most of you will spend more time indoors, unfortunately, is what leads us to catching the most common seasonal disease – common cold.

Since we stay close houses with other people indoors, there are more chances to catch an infection. Like, the common cold viruses – there are more than 200 types – have a better chance of an infection during winter since the lining of our nose is drier. While there is no cure for the common cold itself. People with common cold have symptoms like coughing, sore throat, runny nose, sneezing or fever that can be treated. In the same way, the only solution to dealing with the common cold is preventing it from infecting us.

Preventing infections

Dr. Prashant Saxena, head of Pulmonology and Sleep Medicine at Saket City Hospital, suggests a few ways to do so. “Always cover your mouth and nose while sneezing or coughing, and regularly wash your hands with soap and water. The use of a disposable mask or a disposable tissue paper is a good idea if one is suffering from cold and cough. Keep your house clean and maintain a hygienic environment. People with preexisting lung problems must consult a chest specialist during the change in seasons,” he says.

According to Dr. Krishan Chugh, director and head of Paediatrics at Fortis Memorial Research Institute in Gurgaon, there are four major points that need to be considered to prevent the seasonal respiratory diseases, especially among children.

“Avoid exposure to the illnesses at home, school, or creche and in crowded places. Second, focus on your child’s nutrition. A good, healthy, and balanced diet is the first step towards having a healthy body. Third, adequate clothing is essential to protect your child from cold temperatures. But a word of caution – please do not over clothe your child since that also can lead to problems. Last but not the least; do not use convection heaters which cause dryness of air.”

Skin problems     

The cold weather also results in our skin becoming dry and flaky. According to Dr. Karuna Malhotra, a cosmetologist based in Rajouri Garden, “The onset of winter brings along its own plethora of skin problems. With cold and dry weather dictating the season, it basically becomes compulsory to moisturize our skin more meticulously.” Dr. Malhotra says that people often complain of chilblains during winter, which tends to occur especially in children and women.

“It starts with redness, with swelling and occasionally blistering of fingers and toes. Sometimes it may involve the nose and ears too. These areas might become itchy or painful with the eruptions lasting one to three weeks,” she adds.

Chilblains are the result of an abnormal reaction to the cold. When the skin is exposed to the cold, blood vessels near its surface get narrower. If the skin is then exposed to heat, the blood vessels become wider. When this happens too quickly, blood can leak into the surrounding tissue leading to chilblains.

While further conditions lead to chilblains, the constriction of the blood vessels in itself makes those of us with joint pain or arthritis more susceptible to pain. “In cold weather, to maintain the internal body temperature, the circulation of blood to the peripheral areas is less. This makes the joints less flexible and more painful. Changes in barometric pressure also worsen pain and enhance inflammation in knee joints. Restricted sunlight in winters adds further insult to injury. Sunlight is a natural source of vitamin D which provides strength to the bone,” says Dr. L. Tomar, consultant, joint replacement surgeon at Max Super Speciality Hospital in Patparganj.

Better immunity

Apart from all that the individual needs to do, to prevent specific diseases and conditions, the best way to strengthen the body’s immune system in general is to have a balanced diet. “There are certain foods which definitely enhance the immune system to fight infections and brave the cold climate, says Neelanjana Singh, clinical nutritionist at PSRI Hospital at Sheikh Sarai. “These foods are the tulsi leaves, the fruit gooseberry or amla. Also, certain spices such as black pepper and turmeric also help strengthen the immune system. Besides, garlic and tea also have immune enhancing properties. It is important that we regularly consume such foods during winter season to develop and strengthen the immunity.”