Migraine headache causes, symptoms and treatment | How to prevent migraine

Migraine is the most painful headache. The migraine headache is a one side pain of the head and can spread to the whole head or vice versa, so as pain can move from the whole head to one side. Migraine attacks to the people who are thirties and forties. Life is at most demanding, when you’re busy with work, kids, aging, finances and parents. Migraine is the most commonly seen and is high in women when compared to men due to stress. A migraine headache may be due to family history.

What does the migraine trigger?

Home remedies for migraine headache

Migraine attack occurs because of your brain is predisposed to them is another type of migraine. Migraine is treated by following a healthy lifestyle and identifying migraine triggers. You should try to reduce migraine attacks by simply identifying the triggers and stay away from them. The migraine brain is hypersensitive to triggers as and when it encounters them.

  • Migraine is due to bright lights, loud noises, flickering lights, change in temperature, strong smells, smoky rooms and some odors of perfumes.
  • Triggers like tiredness, jet lag and exercise.
  • Smoking exposure
  • Dehydration and alcohol
  • Some hormonal triggers like menstrual cycle fluctuations, menopause and birth control pills.
  • Migraine is due to allergies and allergic reactions.
  • Some emotional stress, anxiety, excitement, tension and depression.
  • Change in sleeping patterns or some irregular sleep
  • Low blood sugar or may be skipping meals
  • Usage of contraceptive pills, hormone replacement therapy and sleeping tablets.
  • Headache due to tension

Symptoms of migraine

One should check and identify the symptoms of migraine headache to treat them quickly. Taking care of necessary precautions helps in reducing migraine headache attacks. You can notice it with a mild headache to severe migraine headache. But, all the migraines are not same, there may be some specific and typical symptoms to identify migraine.

How to relieve headache pain

  • Migraine is a severe pain on one side of the head and can spread to whole head or vice versa.
  • Migraine may be due to food cravings
  • The pain can be severed due to pulsing and throbbing
  • Depression causes migraine
  • Fatigue and low energy levels
  • Migraine due to physical activity
  • Hyperactivity and neck stiffness symptom
  • Inability to perform regular activities due to pain
  • Frequent yawning is one among the symptoms of migraine
  • You may feel sick, irritability and physically sick.
  • Migraine is due to increased sensitivity to light and sound. The symptom can be treated by lying quietly in a dark room.
  • Some other symptoms like sweating, temperature changes, tummy ache and diarrhea.

Causes of migraine

The causes of migraine include some contributing factors that can trigger the condition. This includes changes in brain chemicals, such as a decrease in serotonin levels. The factors that include migraine are as followed.

  • Migraine is due to bright colored lights
  • Extremes in weather or may be due to severe heat
  • Due to changes in barometric pressure
  • Estrogen fluctuations at the time of menstruation, hormonal changes, menopause or pregnancy
  • Caffeinated drinks like drink alcohol
  • Foods like to age cheese, salty or processed foods

Home remedies for headache

  • Consuming foods that have additives like aspartame or monosodium glutamate.
  • Eat foods that have additive tyramine, like soy products, fava beans, smoked fish, Chianti wine, aged cheeses and hard sausages.
  • Due to loud sounds and excess stress
  • Lack of sleep and physical activity
  • Skipping meals and change in meal timings
  • Medications like oral contraceptives and unusual smells.

Risk factors with migraines

Migraine headaches have certain risk factors that headaches occurred due to themselves from the medication. This another symptoms of migraine. Some of the migraine headaches stay for long lasting that can occur anywhere from 3 – 15 days or even for a month. This is because of headache affects that is from your ability and think clearly. This is difficulty to do at work. Take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that are high in doses or for a long period of time that can lead to stomach pain or bleeding ulcers. Some people may over use the medication for more than 10 – 30 days or maybe longer than three months, which is not good for health. The migraine prescribed medicine may increase the risks of serotonin syndrome. This prescribed medicine can boost the amount of serotonin in the brain that helps in reducing migraines. This medication includes acetaminophen, ibuprofen or naproxen sodium to prescription medications. Migraine leads some of the various life threatening symptoms like hallucinations, nausea, vomiting, agitation, diarrhea and a rapid heart rate.

How migraines are diagnosed?

Migraine pain can be diagnosed by listening to the patient’s symptoms with a physical examination. Thus, there are several causes of migraine pain, there may be some other causes that occurs and are a potential cause which can be treated based on the patient’s symptoms. Migraine headache can be identified by performing imaging scans such as CT or MRI scan. This is caused by some other causes that includes tumors or strokes. Thus, migraine is difficult to diagnose and doesn’t have specific tests to confirm the diagnosis.

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  • Internal skull bleeding
  • Stroke
  • Too much or too little cerebro-spinal fluid
  • Nasal sinus blockage
  • Inflammation membranes of the brain
  • Postictal headache
  • Dilated blood vessel in the brain
  • Tumors
  • Blood clot within the membrane which can cover the brain

How to prevent migraine?

Migraine can be treated with medications. There are some other natural home remedies for migraine. Lifestyle change is an important factor that helps to reduce migraine.

  • One should get enough sleep
  • Sit quite or lying down in a dark room
  • Quit overthinking and reduce stress
  • Gently massage your scalp or temples
  • Drink plenty of water to reduce headache
  • By placing a cold cloth over your forehead or behind your neck
  • Avoid foods that causes migraine
  • Regular physical exercises

Medicine prevention

You should be careful, if you are suffering with migraines more frequent. Doctor may prescribe medications to lessen the frequency or migraine attacks that helps to prevent the headaches. Medicines such as Timolol, divalproex sodium, propranolol and topiramate, but there are certain drugs that are designed to reduce hypertension and can prevent seizures.

Biofeedback

Natural treatment for depression

Biofeedback is another alternative method to reduce migraine. Biofeedback techniques help in reducing migraine attacks such as stress and symptoms like muscle tension.

Acupuncture

Acupuncture treatment is not a definitive treatment for migraine pain. Some of the patients may respond well as it is a Chinese method. Acupuncture is inserting needles into specific body locations. This can reduce or stop migraine pain.

Home remedies for vomiting and headache

Headache is common medical complaint that is classified into three types like tension headaches, migraine headache, and cluster headaches. Of these types migraine headache has the symptoms like nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to lights and sounds.

Migraines are a physical, neurobiology action that occurs in and around the brain. It is a neurological disorder. The symptoms are vomiting, nausea, and increased sensitivity to light, sound and motor disturbances, you felt disoriented and have difficulty in moving and walking. This type of headaches is throbbing, pulsating, and severe for a few hours to three days. They usually accompanied by profuse sweating, poor concentration, acute physical uneasiness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and increased urination.

Home remedies for nausea and vomiting

Peppermint

Peppermint tea or oil is therapeutic for relieving sour stomach symptoms such as occasional indigestion, heartburn, nausea, and vomiting. Peppermint extract is not comparable to peppermint oil that the mint leaf produces a much more powerful, more pungent mint essence. Brew fresh peppermint leaves for tea in boiling water. Chew the wilted peppermint leaves between sips of tea.

Cumin and nutmeg

An infusion of one teaspoon of crushed cumin seeds and a pinch of nutmeg is also effective for relieving sour stomach.

Onion

Take one teaspoon of grated ginger, add one teaspoon of fresh onion juice. It’s not for the faint of heart, but many people swear by its ability to calm queasy stomachs.

Rooibos

Rooibos tea is beneficial for providing antioxidant protection, in addition to promoting good indigestion, a healthy inflammatory response, and soothing stress. Rooibos is gentle enough for infants, and is helpful for relieving sour stomach.

Vinegar

You can take one part of vinegar and one part of water. It is useful for removing the smell of stomach acids. After vomiting, rinse your mouth with this solution. It promotes dental health. You can also make gargling, or gently swish a quarter cup of vinegar with a quarter cup of water in your mouth. Then spit it off with and clean it off with water.

Chamomile powder

Take some chamomile powder to 1 cup of boiling water. Stir them well to transfer the liquid to a cup. Drink this when it is hot. This gives fast relief from migraine.

Spinach juice

Take ½ glass of carrot juice. Add ½ glass of spinach juice. Mix them well together. Drink this juice to cure migraine.

Cinnamon and cloves

You have to sip tea made by brewing one-half of a teaspoon of cinnamon, or one teaspoon of cloves. Pour one cup of boiling water over spices.  Then allow it to steep and strain the solution.

Ginger

The best natural ingredients for nausea are ginger, which is available in many forms. If you are a purist, simply peel and grate a piece of ginger root, squeeze it through a garlic crusher, and catch the healing juices in a small bowl. Drink a teaspoon or add to hot water or tea.

Lavender

Lavender oil is a favored aromatherapy for enhancing digestive health that contains camphor oil. A powerful tonic for relieving upset stomach. Make a lavender scented migraine sachet, take a small square of fabric, then sprinkle some dried lavender in the center, douse with a few drops of lavender oil. Then bring all four corners together and secure with a piece of ribbon. Then inhale deeply whenever you feel stressed, nauseous, or strung out.

Aniseed

Aniseed has a licorice like aroma. Brew a cup of sweet aniseed tea for good digestive health. You just take a half cup of boiling water over a quarter teaspoon of aniseed, seep five minutes. Aniseed adds a pleasing taste to cooked vegetable, soups, and salads.

Lemons

Take out the peels from lemons and grind them well by adding the required amount of water to form a thick paste. Apply this paste on the forehead that helps to relief from headache.

Cabbage leaves

Take out some cabbage leaves and crush them well. Apply it on your forehead with a cloth. This gives better relief from headache.

Ice

Place an ice pack at the nape of the neck and surround your head with an ice wrap such as the type sold commonly in drug stores. This immediately reduces inflammation of the blood vessels in the brain, relieving the primary cause of pain.

Home remedies for headache

Headaches are extremely common due to work stress, family demands, and skimpy sleep. Headaches can be classified into three main categories like tension, migraine, cluster headaches. There are many causes such as physiological changes, constriction of blood vessels, abnormal neuronal activity, genetic causes, dehydration, oversleeping, eye strain, and neck strain.

Tension headaches are the most common type of headaches. Migraine attacks with symptoms like nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to lights and sounds. The cluster is that occur for weeks to months at a time by periods of remission.

Home remedies for headaches

Caraway seeds

Take some roasted caraway seeds that are dry. Then tie them in a soft handkerchief or a clean cloth. Sniff it hardly to get a relief from headaches.

Apple

Take a fresh apple and chop it into pieces. Sprinkle some salt on the pieces and eat them in the morning for at least a week. It helps to cure chronic headaches.

Ginger

Ginger has anti-inflammatory property that can be used to treat headaches. Add tea leaves and ginger to 1 cup of boiling water. Stir them well and drain out water from it. Allow it to cool and drink a bit to get relief from headache.

Lavender oil

Lavender oil helps to get relief from headaches and migraines. Inhale the oil or apply it over your head. Add 2 – 4 drops of lavender oil to 3 cups of boiling water. Inhale the oil vapor that gives more relief or pain.

Diet

Some foods that works better to control headache are chocolate, sour cream, nuts, peanut butter, and caffeinated beverages like coffee, tea, or cola. This helps them to give you a headache.

Water

Drink plenty of water daily to stay hydrated. It helps you to protect from dehydration and causes of headaches. As well as it also removes toxins in your body.

Hot or cold compress

Apply some hot or cold compress to your forehead and neck that gets instant relief from headache.

Organic food

Take small regular meals that are healthy and organic throughout the day. This helps to keep your blood sugar on an even level. It also helps to prevent headaches.

Beverages

It is better to intake or increase the amount of juice that does not contain caffeine. It helps to reduce headache that goes away faster.

Ice pack

The cold from ice helps to reduce inflammation that contributes to headaches. Apply an ice pack to the back of your neck that can give you relief from a migraine headache. Place a washcloth dipped in ice-cold water over your head for about 5 minutes. Repeat it several times.

Cloves

Cloves are used to ease tension headaches. It gives cooling and pain relieving properties. Crush few cloves gently. Keep the powder in a clean cloth or handkerchief. Inhale the smell of that to get relief from headache.

Acupressure

Press and massage the fleshy area between the thumb and index finger, at the highest spot of the muscle when both are brought close together. Do it for about 1 – 2 minutes. Repeat it on the other hand.

Enough sleep

You need to maintain the timings for sleeping. If you don’t have proper sleeping, or lack of sleeping also causes headaches.

Exercising

Some physical activity like exercising and walking helps to prevent headaches during pregnancy.

Apple cider vinegar

Prepare a mixture of ½ cup of apple cider vinegar with ½ cup of water. Boil the mixture in a covered saucepan. Remove it from the heat when it gets boiled. Leave it for a minute. Lift the cover and inhale the steam through your nose. It will provide instant relief from sinus headaches.

Basil

Basil leaves are strong and scented herb. It can be used for natural headache treatment. The oil works as a muscle relaxant and is helpful for headaches that are caused by tension and might muscles.

Peppermint

Take some peppermint oil to soothe for curing headaches and migraines. You just smell this oil that helps to regulate blood flow in the body.

Rosemary oil

Massage your head with rosemary oil that contains menthol to ease migraine pain.

Cinnamon powder

Take 2 teaspoons of cinnamon and grind them into powder. Add this powder to 1 ½ cup of milk. Boil it for about 1 – 2 minutes. Then add a teaspoon of honey. Mix them well and drink it at least twice a day when you are suffering from a headache.