Home remedies for neck pain – Causes of neck strain

Many people feel frequent pain in neck or neck stiffness. This is because of poor posture or maybe over usage or strain to neck. There may be some other cause like neck pain due to injury from a fall, contact sports or whiplash. The neck is made with vertebrae where it is extended from the skull to the upper part of the body or torso. The cervical discs absorbs shock between the bones. The neck helps in supporting your head with the bones, muscles and ligaments. The neck allows your head to rotate. Neck pain is due to injury, inflammation or abnormalities or neck stiffness. If you are facing neck pain, then you will not be able to rotate your head and pain in the neck. It would be difficult to handle daily activities and sometimes you may forget it and suddenly turns your head. This causes more pain and is disturbing your work. The neck pain may also lead to shoulder and muscle pains near the neck.

Causes of neck pain

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  • Headaches
  • Tingling
  • Tenderness
  • Swelling at neck
  • Numbness
  • Stiffness
  • Swallowing difficulty

The neck pain may be due to various reasons. The main reason is due to muscle tension and some other several causes like sleeping or sitting in poor posture, working long hours and some neck jerks during exercises.

There may be some other reasons for neck pain such as deficiency of nutritions, nerve compression, cervical spondylos and fibromyalgia. This can be caused due to spinal infections. Thus, there are some effective home remedies to treat neck pain quickly.

Top home remedies for neck pain

Ice packs to ease neck pain

Ice is the most useful element for pains. The ice helps in reducing the inflammation of neck pain. You can use either an ice cube of a bag full of ice pieces. Take some ice cubes and crush them well. Place them in a plastic bag and wrap it. The plastic bag or any thin towel can be used to pack the crushed ice. Place the ice pack on your neck. Place it for about 15 minutes or more. Repeat the process 2 – 3 hours in a day for better relief. It is recommended that you should not apply ice directly on to your skin.

Epsom salt water bath

Home remedies for body pain

Epsom salt helps to relieve from muscle tension. Warm Epsom salt water can reduce stress. This helps to give instant pain relief. The magnesium sulfate of Epsom salt has a natural muscle relaxant. This helps to reduce swelling and pain. Take 1 – 2 cups of Epsom salt into a warm water tub. Soak your body daily. Do it until your neck pain is reduced. This helps to be completely reduce neck pain. Avoid these natural home remedy those who have heart problems, high blood pressure or diabetes.

Neck exercises to relieve from neck pain

Daily exercises help to keep you fit and healthy. This motion exercises can reduce neck pain. The exercises help in strengthening and stabilizing the neck muscles. This helps with upper back pain and can reduce stress. Do neck exercises that help to ease out and prevent neck pain. It is better to apply some moist heat that helps the neck to rotate freely. Apply it before doing the exercise. Gently rotate your neck in a circular motion that in the direction of clockwise and anti-clockwise. It helps in stretching out the agitated muscles to relieve from neck pain. This helps to cause a little pain at the beginning, but helps your neck to loosen up and heal the process. This helps to move your neck slowly back and forth as well as from side to side. Each exercise must be about five times per sessions per day. This also hurts too much that don’t do without any consult with your doctor.

Blackstrap molasses treatment for neck pain

Blackstrap helps to relief from neck pain. This is specifically done due to lack of calcium and potassium.  The blackstrap molasses is the best home remedy for neck pain. The abundance of calcium and potassium, which helps to give strong muscles, bones and joints. Take one tablespoon of blackstrap molasses in a glass of warm water. Mix them well and drink it twice a day to get relief from the pain.

Ginger for neck pain relief

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Ginger has natural anti-inflammatory properties that help to improve blood circulation. The blood flow may be affected in the area and this can reduce pain and inflammation. Take a small piece of ginger root. Cut them into small slices. Boil the ginger slices by adding them into two cups of water. Leave it for about 10 minutes. Strain the solution and add honey into it. Drink this tea. Drink three cups of ginger tea daily for a few days to get rid of neck pain. Another method is prepared by mixing one and half teaspoon of powdered dry ginger and add them into a glass of water. Drink this tea for about three times daily for a few days. Alternatively, prepare a mixture of ginger compress and take three tablespoons of fresh grated ginger and wrap them in a piece of cheesecloth. Place the cheesecloth in hot water for about 30 seconds. Let them cool down and then place it on the neck. Let them leave for about 15 – 20 minutes. Repeat the process daily until you relief from neck pain.

Cayenne pepper to get rid of neck pain

Cayenne pepper helps to reduce neck pain with its anti-inflammatory properties. This helps to reduce neck pain. Take one teaspoon of cayenne pepper powder. Add two tablespoons of lukewarm olive oil into it. Mix them well. Apply it on sore muscles in your neck area. Repeat it twice daily until the pain gone. Take capsaicin cream. Gently apply it on your neck. Apply it on back muscles for quick relief. Use this cream twice a day.

Turmeric for neck pain

Turmeric helps to treat neck pain. Turmeric curcumin have important phytochemical acts well to get relief from neck pain. Turmeric is rich in anti-inflammatory that helps to reduce pain. Turmeric helps to improve blood circulation and can speed the recovery. Take one teaspoon of turmeric powder. Add them into a glass of milk and heat the mixture. Heat the mixture on low flame for about five minutes. Remove it from heat and add a little honey into it. Allow them to cool down. Drink this mixture twice a day to reduce neck pain completely.

Lavender oil for neck pain

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Lavender oil is used to get relief from the neck pain. This is the best home remedy used for massage therapy. Massage your neck with this lavender oil. This helps to reduce pain and sleep better. You should take a hot water bath or shower that keeps you relaxed and can reduce the muscle pain in neck muscles. Apply a little amount of lavender oil on your neck and shoulders. Gently massage in circular motion. Massage neck with this oil on the area where you have pain for about 10 minutes. Repeat them daily for best results. Instead of these you can also dilute some amounts of lavender oil, coconut oil and olive oil and use it for better results. Gently massage the neck area that causes pain.

Apple cider vinegar for neck pain

Apple cider vinegar have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. ACV helps to relieve from neck pain. ACV is rich in nutrients, which helps to relief from neck pain. Take some apple cider vinegar in a bowl and soak a paper towel in it. Dip in it and place it on the area of your neck. Leave it for a couple of hours. Repeat it twice a day. Alternatively, take two cups of apple cider vinegar and add them into a lukewarm bathtub filled with water. Soak your body in the mixture. Leave it for about 15 minutes. Repeat it twice daily to recover them completely.

Hydrotherapy for neck pain relief

Hydrotherapy is the best home remedy for neck pain. This is used to treat neck pain at the time of the shower. The water force that is coming from shower will affect all the body parts. The shower water force helps in reducing the pain as well as soreness too. Take a hot shower with warm water for about 3 – 4 minutes. Even if you bare, cold water, you can go for cold water and mainly focus on 30 – 60 seconds. Repeat the process several times a day for quick recovery. Hot or warm water helps to increase blood circulation and reduces muscle stiffness. Whereas cold water helps to reduce inflammation. This helps in making your neck straight and make sure not to rotate your neck while you are having your shower.

Tips to reduce neck pain

How to reduce body heat naturally

  • To get rid of neck pain, one should lie down without a pillow. This helps to relieve from neck muscle pain.
  • You can even try some abdominal breathing exercises. This can be done at a place where you can find peace and fresh air. Try some relaxation exercises such as yoga and meditation.
  • You should be fit and should take care about healthy weight.
  • You should always sit in a comfortable chair that works well.
  • Quit smoking for quick healing.
  • You should stop driving until you feel relaxed from neck stiffness and neck pain.
  • You should sleep on a firm mattress. Always keep your head that should be aligned with your spine when you sleep.
  • Make sure to hold your hold in the right position. Don’t turn or bend your neck that it can touch the shoulder. So, be careful while talking on the phone for longer hours. You should use headphones, if you are continuously speaking for long hours on the phone.
  • Daily swimming helps to strengthen neck and back muscles.
  • Do some posture that does not harm your neck? Make sure to maintain a spine and head balance exercises which are related to gravity.
  • You should not take much stress and feel free. As decrease in stress can trigger muscle tension.

How to tattoo | Beginners guide to the tattooing process

A tattoo is a marking made by inserting indelible ink into the dermis layer of the skin to change the pigment. Most of the people love to have tattoos that look lovely. They give a new look, but you have to tolerate a little pain. If you are ready to have a tattoo then you need to come the time to select a body part where you are comfortable with the presence of a tattoo. Select a design and these can help you have where with it.

Tattoos on humans are a type of decorative body modification. Tattoo temple believes that tattooing can be a passion. This may be favorite painting, song or movie invokes an emotional response.

Beginners guide to tattooing process

Back tattoo: Back is the finest part and which suits best for tattoo beginners. If you are new to tattoos then going for small patterns, it’s better not to choose big patterns. This cute little sunflower is perfect for you. You need to take a small flower of symbol that you like or have a flower or sunflower according to your choice.

Finger tattoo: If you want a funny line inked on your finger looks unique. Snap those fingers when you have a tattoo on. Go for some artsy pattern on your finger. Tattooing rings is a very popular option but it’s really unique.

Tummy tattoo: You have decided that you need to go for bold on your outing itself, then belly is a good option for tattoo placement. Here there is a music symbol that flower or butterfly can be good choices for you. You can get a tattoo on sides of belly or near your navel.

Foot tattoo: Bows, anklets and words are very popular to design to adorn feet. You have to choose that it inspires you or anything. Anklets can be floral or geometric. Bows are a favorite among the girls that look very lovely.

Neck tattoo: You can place a tattoo on the neck that is more passion nowadays. Place a tattoo at various places. A tattoo can be made on the nape of the neck. You may have it on the sides or the front of the neck. Jewelry patterns are quite common for neck tattoos. There are many more options when it comes to design and this is one here you have to get a good choice.

Types of tattoos

Abstract tattoos: Most derived from archaic styles of tattooing. You should not involve much artwork. Abstract tattoos include tribal and Celtic styles, old English lettering, and Chinese symbols. Most of them are done in shades of black and classic gray color. These tattoos are commonly made around the navel, chest, and calves, though the arms and upper back are also emerging as a popular choice.

abstract-tattoos

Naturalistic tattoos: When an attempt is made to portray the tattoo in a realistic style. It should be in the natural form. With cost a little on the high side. It involves minute detailing, shading, and perspective. Naturalistic tattoos are more popularly comprised of faces that are Native Americans and religious leaders. It can be done in such a way that imparts a tattoo design as much realism as possible.

naturalistic-tattoos

Gang Tattoos: Gang tattoos consist of many symbols and even going to explain finball tats.

gang-tattoos

Tribal tattoos: Traditional tattoo artist aims to reflect the social and religious values of the tribe in his tattoo designs. Tribal style is an originate from various old tribes like those from Bornea, the Native Americans, the Haida, the Celtic and other Polynesian tribes. The shapes and motifs of these tattoos are deeply rooted.

tribal-tattoos

Dedication tattoos: It involves the use of the sailor based designs. For example the heart and name banner, the insignia of a military regiment, and the anchor with a ship name. It is main because they are among the more standard designs offered at a tattoo parlor.

dedication-tattoos

Simplification tattoos: Simplification tattoos do not have any limiting boundaries for the designs. It is from action figurines and animals to flowers and hearts. Anyone with every shape and size can be included in this type as long as it is stylized by the tattoo marker. Popular designs in standard simplification tattoos are dragons and zodiac signs that rule the roost in custom made stylized tattoos.

simplification-tattoos

Complex tattoos: These are also known as combination tattoos. It is an amalgamation of various tattoos. Make them much more impressive than other types of designs. This is tradition in Japanese body that suits them most.

complex-tattoos

Safety precautions before and after tattoo

The best way is to take safety for both you and your clients with a primary concern. The body artist will be working with blood. This is the best way to seek out an apprenticeship, which make sure all of your vaccinations are up to date. If you are not received with a vaccination for hepatitis, do so. This vaccination requires three shots that are going to be delivered over several months.

A tattoo artist can expect to be exposed to the infections that can be transferred by contact with blood. Thus, the infections may include Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and HIV. For the protection of client and self, the tattoo artists are required to have a blood borne pathogens certificate. This certification can be obtained by taking a training course and test. This is usually over the internet. This certification is not required in your area as it can make sure with the apprenticeship that can cover training in how to deal with blood borne pathogens.

Along with them, there are certain addition to blood borne pathogen training. The tattoo artist should learn about how to keep their work environment safe and being sterile. The mentors should train them on the topic, with certain tips to keep you safe.

  • Rinse your hands with an antibacterial soap before and after each tattoo.
  • Wipe the skin where the tattooed with a pad that is covered with green soap.
  • You should wear latex gloves.
  • Tattoo artist can make sure to work with a circular motion with inside and out.
  • Use an individual and sealed needle. This is the tubes for each client.
  • Clean a too bigger area than a too small area.
  • You should sanitize your work space between tattoos.
  • Make sure to shave or even if you may be are not able to see the body hair.
  • Make sure and dispose the needles, tubes and other equipment that are medically approved fashion.
  • Choose or use a disposable razor for this purpose.
  • After shaving, you can wash the area one more time with alcohol solution or antiseptic solution.

Home remedies for dark neck | How to get rid of dark skin on neck

Most of the people will take care of the face, foot, hands, and nails. But they neglect darkness around the neck. It is also known as acanthosis nigricans. This is due to hyper pigmentation of the skin along the folds. Don’t ignore to shower and scrub the neck area as it cause dark skin. It can spoil your look that will affect yourself.

The causes of dark skin around the neck are diabetes, hereditary, obesity, polucystic, ovary, etc. There is some poor hygiene that is resulted in dark neck. The treatments are cleansing, scrubbing, and moisturizing using natural methods.

Home remedies for dark neck

Oats natural scrub and dark neck

Oats are best for overall health with a dark patchy neck. Most of them do not pay more attention towards cleaning our necks while doing everything in our face from cleansing, moisturizing and scrubbing. This helps to get rid of dirt with the oil and fine grit deposits. This makes it look patchy and dark that is used as a scrub as well as a mask for dark neck and is mixed for skin lightening. Prepare oats grounded and is coarsely to make a fine powder out of it. Make a tomato pulp to form a thick paste. Take some coarsely ground oat powder and add tomato pulp to form a thick paste. Apply this mixture to your neck. Leave it for about 15 – 20 minutes. Rub your neck gently in circular motion with the coarse oats that helps to exfoliate and helps in removing dead skin cells. Scrub for about 5 – 7 minutes. Rinse it off with water. Apply moisturizer to your neck and gently massage. Rub them twice or even thrice in a week depending upon the intensity of darkness of skin. This helps to remove dirt and dead cells, tomato pulp that can lighten the skin due to natural bleaching property.

Lemon juice for dark neck

Lemon juice acts as a natural bleaching agent. If you are having sensitive skin, then you have to dilute it with water. Apply lemon juice to the dark skin of the neck using cotton ball. Leave it for about 10 – 20 minutes. Then wash it off with water. Never expose the skin to sunlight after applying lemon juice.

Almonds to treat dark skin on neck

Almonds are rich in vitamins that are essential for the skin health. It acts as a moisturizer. Prepare a paste of powdered almond and milk powder with honey. Apply this paste on the sides and back of the neck. Leave it for about 30 minutes. Wash it off with water.

Fruit mask for dark neck

The fruit mask works best for dark neck. This works well when it comes to treating dark neck with banana, apple, orange, papaya, avocado etc. They are rich in natural minerals, vitamins and enzymes that make your neck look whiter than ever. Take a ripe banana and mash them into smooth paste. Add olive oil into it. Mix them well and apply this mask on your neck. Leave it for about 15 minutes. Rinse it off with water. Banana and olive oil are rich in anti-oxidants that make your fine lines and can vanish from the neck that give you a healthy glowing skin.

Aloe vera easy way to lighten dark neck

Aloe vera is a natural skin lightener and does not have any side effects. Apply aloe vera gel directly on the neck and leave it for about 20 minutes. Then wash it off with water. Repeat it daily to get good results.

How to get rid of dark neck with walnut 

Walnut acts as a scrubber and removes the dead cells. Milk cleanses and moisturizes the skin. The vitamins and zinc in it nourishes the skin. Prepare a paste of walnut with milk. Apply this paste on your dark neck and slightly scrub the area. Leave it for about 10 minutes. Then wash it off with cold water.

Turmeric to remove dark skin

Turmeric is antiseptic that treats various skin problems. It helps to get rid of the dark neck problem. Mix turmeric powder and milk. Apply it on the affected area and leave it for about 115 minutes. Replace milk with yogurt or honey according to your skin type.

Chickpea flour for dark neck

Chickpea flour has natural excellent scrubbing property. This helps to get rid of dark skin and has patches to your neck. Chickpea flour is used with turmeric and has antiseptic properties that are used to treat various skin problems. Take two teaspoons of chickpea flour and add a pinch of turmeric into it. Add some water and mix them well to form a thick paste. Apply this paste on dark spots and leave it for about 20 minutes. Rinse it off with cold water. Repeat it alternative days.

Baking soda for dark skin on your neck

Baking soda cleanses the skin and reduces the dark shade. Make a paste of baking soda and warm water. Apply it over the neck and allow drying. Wash it off with water.

Cucumber treatment for dark skin on neck

Cucumber cleanses the skin that helps to soothe the skin and bring back the glow of the skin. Scrub the neck with cucumber slice on the dark neck. Leave it for about 15 minutes. Then wash it off with water.

Honey and tomato to whiten dark neck

Honey helps to lighten the skin that it acts as a natural moisturizer. Tomato and lemon have acidic property that can lighten the skin. Mix honey, tomato juice, lemon juice. Apply this mixture on the affected area and leave it for about 20 minutes. Then wash it off with water. Repeat it daily for faster results.

Olive oil for skin lightening

Olive oil helps to moisturize the skin and nourish the skin. Mix them with olive oil and lemon juice. Apply it on the dark neck area and keep the mixture on the skin for about 20 minutes. Then wash it off with water.

Potato to lighten skin tone

The potato has bleaching abilities that can lighten the skin. Grate potato and apply it over the neck. Leave it for about 15 minutes. Then wash it off with water. Mix lime juice and potato juice to get faster results.

Yogurt to get fairer skin

Yogurt helps to cleanse the skin and acid present in it lightens the skin tone. It also moisturizes the skin. Apply yogurt to the affected area and leave it for about 10 – 15 minutes. Then wash it off with water. You can also mix lemon into yogurt to get faster results.

Orange peel for lighter skin tone

Orange peel helps to cleanse the skin and acts as a bleaching agent. It reduces the dark skin. Mix the dried orange peel powder with milk. Mix them well to form a thick paste. Apply this paste on the neck and leave it for about 20 minutes. Then wash it off with cold water.

Sandalwood powder to whiten dark skin

Sandalwood powder helps to soothe the skin and it helps to regain the glow. Prepare a paste of sandal wood and rose water. Apply it over the affected area and allow drying. Wash it off with cold water.

Natural homemade rose face packs for rosy cheeks

Rosewater has many skin benefits due to its anti-inflammatory property and reduces wrinkles, sun damage and keeps your skin moisturized. The Rosy glow on your cheeks is made possible with the use of simple kitchen ingredients. Many women tend to try hard to get rosy cheeks. Just apply rose water to get a rosy glow on your face.

Homemade face packs that are made using rose water

Soaked rose petal water for rosy cheeks

Take a bunch of rose petals and wash them with water. Soak them in water for an hour. Take out and crush them into paste. Mix them with yogurt, lemon juice, and honey. Apply this pack on your face and neck. Leave it for 15 – 20 minutes. Rinse it with cold water. This face pack works wonders for both oily and dry skins.

Rose and oats face pack for glowing skin

Soak rose petals in water for about 30 minutes. Take out them and crush them with them back and crush them with the backside of a spoon. Mix them with grounded oats. It acts as a scrub to cleanse and exfoliate your skin. Apply this pack or scrub, then wash it off with water. Follow up with milk. Wipe off the skin with rose water and then apply it on your face and neck. Let it dry for some time and rinse with cold water.

Rose, beans, and yogurt pack for fairer skin

It is more effective homemade rose face pack. Mash rose petals and mix them with besan and yogurt. Add little rose water to make a thick paste. Apply this paste on your face. Let it dry then rinse it off with milk and cold water to get soft and supple skin.

Rose and sandalwood powder face pack

This face pack helps to treat acne and oily skin. Take some rose petals and sandalwood powder. Mix them well and add some rose water into it. Apply them on your face. Leave it for about 15 minutes. Rinse them with cold water. It helps to remove acne, pimples, dark pigmentation, and oily skin.

Rose, sandalwood and turmeric powder

This face pack helps to get rosy cheeks naturally. Mix some rose powder with sandalwood powder. Add a few drops of rose water into it and add a pinch of turmeric into it. Apply this paste on your face and leave it for about 20 minutes. Rinse them with milk and then follow with cold water.

Some more tips to get rosy cheeks naturally

Beetroot juice for glowing pinkish cheeks

Take some beet-root pieces and crush them in a blender. Extract juice from it. Mix 1 tablespoon of kaolin powder to the juice. Apply this juice on your face. Leave it for about 20 minutes. Then wash it off with water. It works temporarily.

Rose petal face mask for pinkish cheeks

Crush some almonds in a blender and add some rose petals into it and blend it into smooth paste. Add a few teaspoons of mint juice and honey. You can also store them in a glass jar like a cream. Apply them on your face for at least a week. It helps to see good results that will look pink and healthy.

Vinegar to get glowing pinky cheeks

It acts as a cleansing agent that detoxifying agent. It rejuvenates the facial skin. Apply some apple cider vinegar with the help of cotton. It also helps to restore blood circulation to the face and brings a rosy and healthy glowing cheek.

How to get pinky cheeks with natural gram flour face pack

Prepare a mixture of one tablespoon of gram flour, one tablespoon of curd, one tablespoon of cream and a pinch of turmeric. Mix them well and apply this pack on your face. Leave it for some time till it dry. Then wash it off with water.

Best homemade diet for glowing skin on face

Diet plays a very important role that brings a healthy, pink glowing cheek. Add fruits, fruit juices, yellow vegetables, and green vegetables into your diet. Eat a plenty of green vegetables that will make your face glow with health and radiance.

Drinking plenty of water for healthy & glowing skin

Water helps to flush out toxins from your body. You need to take at least 8 – 10 glasses of water daily. Splash water on your face 2 times a day. This gives relax and superficial grime that makes your face glow and gives pinkish cheeks.

Exfoliate your cheeks to get the glow

Skin exfoliating is very important and can make your cheeks glow naturally. This exfoliation helps to remove dead skin cells and can often dampen the skin to glow. This will make your skin look dull and drab. The regular usage of exfoliation helps to get rid dead skin cells, dust, moisture, and regain natural glowing skin. Try natural homemade scrubs to exfoliate your skin. Take uncooked oatmeal and mix it with honey and milk to form a smooth paste. Use this paste as a scrub on your face for better results.

Add nutritional food into your diet

The important food for glowing skin is nutritional diet. You should take a healthy diet that can reflect on your face instantly. Take some fresh fruits, fruit juices and vegetables into your diet. You should also include milk into your diet which gives a pinkish glowing cheek on your face. Include Vitamin C and E that help to give a rosy cheek.

Best exercise for rosy cheeks

Top facial massage for rosy cheeks

The best way to get rosy cheeks is by facial massages. Massage your cheeks with your fingertips regularly to get rosy cheeks. This helps to improve blood circulation in your face. The natural blushing is by physical exercise with upward and downward cheek movements and finger tip exercises.

Rosy cheek exercises

Exercise is good for the entire body to be fit with proper diet and precautions. Exercise helps to increase blood circulation to all parts of the body. This will improve the blood flow to the face and can automatically give a glow to our cheeks with a healthy look. Best yoga and breathing exercise makes you look fresh and gorgeous. Try this morning yoga exercises to get rosy cheeks and healthy body in the fresh air. The fresh air can make your skin blush and adds glow to your face.

Smoking ups risk of developing a second cancer

Cigarette smoking is a well established risk factor for primary cancer. Smoking is known to significantly increase a person’s risk of developing lung and kidney cancer. New study shown that people who smoked prior to their first cancer diagnosis are also much more likely to go on to develop a second smoking associated cancer.

A large study has found that cigarette smoking prior to the first diagnosis of lung (stage I), bladder, kidney or head and neck cancer increase the risk of developing a second smoking-associated cancer.

US researchers examined data from five major studies involving over 15,000 people with lung, head and neck, bladder and kidney cancer. They focused on the development of second primary cancers.

The first time a person is diagnosed with cancer, it is referred to as a first primary cancer. A second primary cancer is a second cancer that has been diagnosed that is not considered metastases, but is in face a distinct, new cancer.

The researchers found that people who smoked at least 20 cigarettes per day prior to their first diagnosis of cancer had a five-fold increased risk of going on to develop a second smoking associated cancer, compared to people who had survived the same cancers but had never smoked.

“As survival improves for a number of smoking-related cancers, patients are living longer; however, smoking may increase the risk of developing a second smoking-related cancer among these survivors,” said Meredith S. Shiels, lead study author and research fellow with the National Cancer Institute’s Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics.

Notably, current smoking at any level increased the risk of overall mortality across all cancer disease sites.

“Our study demonstrates that health care providers should emphasize the importance of smoking cessation to all their patients, including cancer survivors,” Shiels concluded.

Almost 900 second primary smoking associated cancers were diagnosed among the participants. Across the four different cancers assessed those who smoked at least 20 cigarettes per day before their first cancer diagnosis were more likely to develop a second smoking associated cancer.

Researchers examined data from five cohorts which included 2,552 patients with stage I lung, 6,386 with bladder, 3,179 with kidney and 2,967 with head and neck cancer.

The risks were as follows to cancer.

  • With head and neck cancer, they were 4.5 times more likely
  • With stage one lung cancer, smokers were 3.3 times more likely to develop a second smoking-associated cancer.
  • With bladder cancer, they were 3.7 times more likely.
  • With kidney cancer, they were 5.3 times more likely.

The study also found that people, who smoked fewer than 20 cigarettes per day, and former smokers, also had an increased risk of developing a second smoking associated cancer compared to never smokers; however the risks fell in line with the number of years since they had quit the habit.