Causes and symptoms of viral diseases: cold, flu, throat pain and viral fever – Types of viral infections

Most of the people are suffering from viral infections due to the tremendous changes in climate. Wherever you see, you will see people suffering with cold, cough and fever due to changes in climate. People are affected with the increase in different viruses. The viral infections are more caused in rainy season, when compared to other seasons. Apart from normal rainy viral infections like cold, flu and fever, we are also facing malaria, dengue and chicken Guinea, which are also seen from past three – four years. These diseases may be caused by starting with fever and people are afraid of it. Most of them are not able to justify their problem until they reach the doctor. These viral diseases like cold, flu and fever can be treated with natural home remedies and don’t need to consult any doctor. These all are common and well know viral diseases that are seen in many people. But, don’t neglect to visit a doctor, when you are suffering with malaria and dengue.

You should be careful and visit the doctor based on your symptoms. So, here we are going to explain the symptoms and causes to create awareness to the people about these viral diseases.

Cold causes and its symptoms

How to get rid of cough & cold

Cold is caused due to virus. This is due to ‘Rino Virus’. Rino viruses can change their shape and increases with new born viruses. So, you should be careful to treat cold by increasing your immunity system to fight against this virus. For, thus you need to take antibiotics that fights virus to treat from the cold. That’s the reason always cold suffers you for at least a week. Normal cold stays for a week and is reduced automatically. Here, we go with what we can do to treat cold.

Symptoms of cold

  • Nasal passage
  • Throat infection and pain
  • Sneezing and cough
  • Water from eyes
  • Body pains
  • Weariness

Tips to get rid of cold

  • Take cetirizine tablet, which is an antibiotic to treat cold.
  • Steam Vaporizer to get rid of a runny nose and sore throat caused by cold. This helps to melt the mucus and clear nasal passage. Steam vaporizing opens clogged nasal passage. It is recommended to use a tissue instead of a handkerchief. As it is easy to use and throw it away and no need wash. We wash handkerchief, but there may be some bacteria present in it and can again reverse back cold again when you use it back. So, that’s the reason, use tissues than a handkerchief.

Natural remedies for cough & cold

  • Make sure to clean your hands always as it may have cold viruses and may stick to any of the parts of the body which is more affected. Cleanse your hands before touching eyes, nose and mouth.
  • It is better to take rest and not to go to the office as it can spread to others.
  • Consume lots of fluids such as fruit juices and water rich foods.
  • Avoid cold drinks.

One should take antibiotics if needed! Don’t take antibiotics as soon as cold has started, they won’t work. Antibiotics won’t work for cold as it starts with a virus. If you see it after a week, then it may reduce or else again cold may attack along with cough. Cold starts with a virus and turned to bacteria at this stage. Then, it’s time to use antibiotics. You need to consult the doctor, as and when the cold is still irritating after a week and leads to cough. You need to complete the medication as suggested by doctor.

Viral fever

Nowadays some people are suffering from viral fever without the symptoms of a cold. You may think that the viral fevers are cured automatically without any medications, but you need to consult the doctor. Take care of your health and don’t neglect them as they are normal viral fever, because there may be a chance of occurrence of Malaria, Dengue and Chicken Guinea.

What is viral fever?

Home remedies for viral fever

Viral fever can be identified with 102 degree body temperature and may be more, severe headache, body pains and tiredness as they may not be able to even stand and sit. But, in some patients you can observe skin rashes, vomiting’s and motions. These viral fevers can stand up to 3 – 4 days and may decrease as it is normally by taking a paracetamol tablet. But, when the temperature is not decreasing and if you are still suffering with high temperature, then you need to definitely consult a doctor. Based upon the symptoms, the doctor will treat you accordingly as a result of Dengue or Malaria or Chicken Guinea. The symptoms of Dengue are severe body pains and severe fever. Some of the Chicken Guinea symptoms are fever for 1- 2 days, but as soon as the fever is gone, then the patient struggles with severe bone pain.

When you have symptoms of sever fever and headache and you don’t have an idea what it is? To find the attacked viral fever, one should test for NS1 antigen to know whether it is dengue or not. If you notice high temperature with shivering, then you can go for an RDT test to know that it is malaria or not.

Throat pain

Throat is due to virus problems. So, the people who have throat pain are cured normally and no need to go for any medications.

  • Take warm salt water and gargle them for several times to get rid of throat pain. Instead of warm salt water, one can use antiseptic lotions for gargling.
  • Take paracetamol tablet, if you feel there is increase in body temperature.

How to soothe sore throat

But, few people may affect with streptococcal bacteria that causes throat pain. This is treated with antibiotics for 2 – 3 days. Similarly, you can find white pus cells in your throat, at that time you need to consult your doctor. Don’t neglect, when the children are suffering with throat pain. Immediately you need to consult your doctor, because some children have rheumatic fever. This is a kind of fever that effects on the children’s heart. So, you need to consult a doctor as soon as your kid has throat pain.

Flu fever

Flu fever is caused due to different flu viruses. Other than the flu fever, all other fevers are cured automatically and there is no need of any treatment. The symptoms of flu fever are throat pain, 101 degree temperature and body pains. These stays for 2 – 3 days and are reduced, which doesn’t need any treatments. After the third day, if you feel the same symptoms, then you need to consult your doctor. For some people, the flu virus is spread to the lungs and causes pneumonia. This is because you need to consult a doctor if you feel the same symptoms continuing in third day also. During that time, the person is hard to take a breath, severe cough, fever and weariness are continued or else you can notice blood clots along with mucus are the major symptoms of flu fever.

The older people have to take care and are treated immediately. People by the age of 65 or more may have diabetes and heart problems should take care. And also pregnancy, sinusitis patients and children should be careful and are treated immediately. These people with flu fever leads to pneumonia symptoms as well. One should clarify that they are suffering with normal cold or flu, as the symptoms seems to be similar. They should be treated by the doctor with the confirmation of flu or normal cold.

How to treat fever at home

Basically, cold is a normal health issue with nasal passage and cough. Usually, as soon as a person is affected by cold, may also suffer from fever. But, flu is different and is more compared to normal cold symptoms. The symptoms of flu fever are dry cough, throat pain, 101 degree fever, along with them, they may have sever body pains and headache.

Nowadays, doctors suggest to the patients with diclofenac, ibuprofen and Nimesulide as painkillers. But, it is better to take normal paracetamol instead of all these painkillers. This is because some of the viral fevers cause low blood platelet count. If the patient uses these drugs, they may result in a decrease in their blood platelet count. Some of them use steroids to get rid of a fever, but it is also not safe. Due to consumption of steroids, there may be decrease in resistance power and is harmful to you with a severe viral fever. One should take plenty of fluids and take rest during the time.

Natural home remedies for coughs – How to get rid of wet cough

Coughing happens when viruses, bacteria, dust, pollen or other substances irritate the nerve endings in the airways between the throat and lungs. A cough is the body’s way of trying to clear the passages, and what a valiant effort the body makes in this endeavor. Coughing up phlegm or mucus can be caused by various things and include the common cold, allergies, irritants (smoking, dust, pet dander, chemical fumes), gastro-esophageal reflux or bacterial or viral infections in the lungs such as acute bronchitis, pneumonia, whooping cough, croup in children. The mucus or phlegm often varies in consistency and color ranging from yellow, green, brown, gray or may even contain blood.

Symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Cough along with mucus or phlegm
  • Weaker immunity system opening body for other diseases
  • Pain in chest and throat
  • Irritation

Natural home remedies to treat wet cough

Pepper, sugar candy and licorice powder for cough

Licorice root is a demulcent and expectorant that helps in thinning mucus. This helps to relieve the respiratory tract. The enzyme helps to soothe inflammation and reduces irritation in the throat or blocking nasal passages. Take 1 tablespoon of black peppercorns, 2 tablespoons of sugar candy, 3 tablespoons of licorice powder. Add all these ingredients and make them into a fine powder. Take half a table spoon of this powder has to be consumed 4 times every day.

Ginger and honey to get rid of wet cough

Ginger is an effective home remedy to get rid of bacterial and fungal infections. Honey has antiseptic properties that can promote and heal after an infection. This helps to treat the infection that causes wet cough and helps in recovering bodies. Take a raw ginger and honey extract 1 tablespoon of ginger juice from ginger paste to which 1 tablespoon of honey has to be added. Heat this mixture till it is lukewarm. Consume 1 tablespoon of this mixture thrice every day.

Garlic for throat irritation

Garlic is one of the best natural wet cough home remedies. Garlic helps to get rid of colds and coughs. Try to eat a few cloves or raw garlic to get rid of wet coughs. This is rich in antiviral and antibiotic properties. This helps to remove the infection from the lungs and promotes in quick healing. Garlic contains expectorant properties that help to loosen the mucus and remove stubborn bacteria from the lungs. Chew raw garlic, which is one of the wet cough remedies. You can add to your chicken soup, but do not let it sit on your pot for too long because heat can damage the effectiveness of garlic.

Mustard seed for irritating throat

Mustard seeds are rich in expectorant properties with irritating to handle, that is effectively reduced with the intensity of wet coughs and its symptoms. They are effective to loosen phlegm blockage and can stimulate the flow of mucus. This helps to relief from wet cough. Break the mustard seed and allow it to leave in water for 15 minutes. Then, crush it to form 1 teaspoon of mustard seed, then put it in a cup of warm water. Leave it for another 15 minutes. It may take the whole lot of you just to swallow this natural wet cough.

Rub with menthol chest rub to cure wet cough

Menthol on the chest is more efficient that helps to cure wet cough. This helps in immediate relaxing feel that is caused by menthol. This also helps to clear the mucus that builds up inside of you. Gently rub menthol chest on your chest. You will feel a relaxing feeling that is caused by the menthol. Use it every night before going to sleep.

Pepper for phlegm

Pepper helps to reduce irritation of the sinuses and can stimulate the flow of mucus. This helps to clear the nasal passage of any blockage with an aggravate wet cough. Prepare a smooth paste of 1 teaspoon of black pepper and 1 tablespoon of honey. Mix them well and add some amount of water. Boil the mixture for about 15 minutes. Let it cool down a bit. Drink it at regular intervals throughout the day. This helps to relieve from wet cough.

Black pepper and honey tea to cure wet cough

Black pepper is a great remedy for chesty coughs. This helps to stimulate mucus flow and circulation. This also allows you to expel all the extra sputum in congesting your lungs. Honey has natural demulcent that helps to relieve from irritation in the mucous membranes to form a protect film. Use 1 teaspoon of freshly grounded pepper and 2 tablespoons of honey in a mug and fill with boiling water. Cover it and allow it to steep for 15 minutes, strain and drink that water. Pepper stimulates circulation and mucus flow. Honey is a natural cough reliever.

A lot of liquids for cough

Drinking a lot of liquids, increase in your daily water consumption can be helpful for a cough. Fluids help thin out the mucus in post nasal drip and keeps the membranes moist, which can help to reduce the need to cough.

Lemon to prevent throat infection

Lemon is rich in Vitamin C that helps to fight against infection. Include this fruit into your diet as it has lots of recovering properties from cough. Suck a lemon or sprinkling a section of lemon with salt and pepper on it. You can try hot buttered lemonade and swap the sugar with honey for good measure.

Ginger to reduce mucus

Ginger is an herb that has a therapeutic effect on coughs. This is a natural expectorant and assists in breaking down and expulsion of mucus from the lungs. Ginger is used for its medicinal properties. Prepare a ginger tea by adding 12 slices of fresh ginger in a pot with three cups of water. Allow it to simmer for 20 minutes. Strain it and add 1 tablespoon of honey and a squeeze of lemon and taste, if it’s too spicy, add more water.

Tea blends for cough

The traditional medicinal brand offers Gypsy Cold Care Tea, an effective remedy that is made from 92 percent organic pharmacopoeial grade herbs like elder flower, yarrow flower, peppermint leaf, hyssop herb and other organic herbs and flowers.

Thyme tea to get rid of wet cough

Thyme tea is the effective home remedy with a battling dry that can have irritating cough. This is rich in flavonoids and also helps to relax the throat muscles involved in coughing. This can reduce inflammation in the respiratory tract as well. This also leads to less coughing and increases comfort. The thyme oil is a toxic to consume and can fresh or dried leaves of the plant to make tea. You can make a thyme tea by steeping two teaspoons of crushed thyme leaves in a cup of boiling water for 10 minutes, then strain. Add honey, lemon rounds out the flavor and add extra soothing power as well. Thyme tea gives relief from cough, upper respiratory infections, bronchitis and whooping cough.

Home remedies for Tonsillitis | Home treatment for Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis can be referred to as inflammation in tonsils, which are lymph nodes that are located in the throat. Tonsillitis is a very common problem observed in children and even adults get them, but very less as compared to children.

Tonsillitis is a result of viral infection and even due to bacterial infection that lead to enlargement of tonsils. The conditions faced by individuals may suffer due to tonsillitis are mild, moderate and severe. The common symptoms observed in an individual suffering from tonsillitis is a sore throat, fever, swollen glands, difficulty in swallowing, runny nose, headache, coughing and sneezing. It is very highly contagious disease. It can spread from person to person very quickly. The bacteria or the virus transmitted by droplets in the air from coughing or while sneezing and many times due to social contact too. This requires immediate recovery. There are many medications available for tonsillitis. Here are few home remedies that will help in recovery of tonsillitis.

Home treatments to cure tonsillitis

Cumin seeds for tonsillitis

Cumin seeds are natural home remedy to treat tonsillitis. Take 80grams of black or cumin seeds, 250 ml of filtered water, 1 tablespoon of cognac of whiskey. Take 200 ml of water for seeds and let them boil for about 15 minutes. The solution in it should be black and thick with the textured like wet coffee grounds. Strain the mixture and add 50 ml of water. Bring them to boil and rolling boil. Add 1 tablespoon or cognac or whiskey. Consume 1 tablespoon for every 30 minutes. This helps to relieve and be felt within two hours. This helps to relieve from and within 4 hours.

Salt water for tonsillitis

Gargling can be considered as most ancient and useful remedy that will help in getting rid of tonsillitis. The warm water help in soothing effect and salt used will kill the bacteria and virus. The salt help in reduction of inflammation as well as gives instant relief from tonsillitis.

Take one teaspoon of table salt in a cup if warm water. Gargle with solution. Do not swallow it. Spit the water out from gargling. Repeat this often as possible for speedy recovery from inflammation of tonsillitis.

Lemon to treat tonsillitis

Lemon consist of antiviral, antibacterial as well as anti-inflammatory properties that may help in getting rid of the infection as well as inflammation. It also comprises of high vitamin C content that improve the immunity power for fighting against various diseases.

Take a glass of lukewarm water. Add lemon juice to it, a pinch of salt and even a teaspoon of honey if required. Drink this mixture slowly twice a day for better results, try this for a weekday.

Basil leaves for tonsillitis treatment

Basil leaves are another most effective remedy that will help in tonsillitis causing viral and inflammation. It also helps in healing and soothing of infection, which in turn reduce swelling and pain as well as help in the recovery process.

Take 10 to 12 basil leaves in a cup of warm water. Boil for 10 minutes. Strain the leaves out, then add half teaspoon of lemon juice. You can even add honey as per your taste. Drink this thrice a day for better results.

Natural home remedy for tonsillitis with turmeric

Turmeric acts as anti-inflammatory as well as antiseptic properties, turmeric also is best in having a battle against infection and also relieve symptoms.

Take one teaspoon of turmeric powder to a glass of hot water or even salt water. Gargle with mixture several times a day even before going to bed. Try this and get rid of inflammation as well as soreness of tonsillitis.

Ginger tea to treat tonsillitis

Ginger is rich in antibiotic and helps to relieve from health problems. This helps to treat sore throat, cold, fever and throat infections. Ginger is rich in anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties. This helps to get rid of infected throat. Take some ginger. Clean it off and peel them. Crush it into a small cube of ginger. Add it into a cup of boiling water. Let them steep. Allow it to cool down and drink this beverage that is comfortable to drink. Drink it up to relieve from tonsillitis.

Cinnamon to treat sore throat

Cinnamon is also another method of treatment of tonsillitis. It is very rich anti-microbial agent that inhibits the growth of bacteria and even other microbes that causes the tonsil and help in getting rid of swelling, pain as well as inflammation.

Take a teaspoon of cinnamon powder to a glass of hot water. Mix two teaspoons of honey. Sip it slowly when it’s still hot. Drink this twice to thrice a day for a week.

Slippery elm for throat pain

Slippery elm is best as it comprises of mucilage, gel like substance that prevents the soreness, inflammation and even pain. If you intake it, help in soothing as well heals the inflamed tissues which also includes the mucus membrane of the throat.

Take a teaspoon of inner bark slippery elm in two cups of boiling water. Let it steep for 5 minutes and then strain the solution. Drink it slowly when it is warm. Intake it twice to thrice daily for a few days.

OR

Mix together three teaspoons of powdered bark slippery elm, one teaspoon of cayenne pepper powder, two teaspoons of honey and mix it with warm water. Take one teaspoon of mixture at regular intervals of two to three days for positive results.

Licorice root to cure tonsillitis

Licorice root is good if a sore throat and disturb night sleep. It is used to reduce sore throats and recent research shows it is more effective and works better when mixed with water to create a gargle solution. It is found that soothed patients’ throats are diminished coughing after surgery.

Honey to get rid of tonsillitis

Honey is a simple and easy tip to get rid of throat pain. Honey mixed in a tea helps you better. Honey is effective with upper respiratory infections and found that honey was even more effective at taming nighttime coughs than common cough suppressants. Honey is an effective wound healer, which helps in speed healing for sore throats.

Peppermint for sore throat naturally

Peppermint oil relieves sore throat pain and helps thin mucus and calm sore throats and coughs. It is also found that a combination of five herbs, including peppermint, when used in a spray solution, improved sore throat more than a placebo. A reported peppermint contains anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral properties. It also helps to encourage healing.

Mint for throat and tonsillitis pain

Mint helps to relieve from tonsillitis. Mint is rich in antimicrobial properties. This is more effective to kill bacteria and helps to remove viruses that causes tonsillitis. The menthol present in the mint can soothe the irritated mucus membranes and gives you relief from many symptoms. Take some fresh mint leaves and boil them in a glass of water. Allow them to boil until the water is reduced to half a quantity. Let it cool down for some time and strain the solution. Add a teaspoon of honey to it and mix them well. Drink this solution while it is still warm. Drink this mixture to soothe. Drink 2 – 3 times a day for a few days. Alternatively, use this mint flavored mouthwash to gargle. This helps to relieve from pain. Repeat it several times a day for as long as you have tonsillitis.

Milk for throat pain

Drink hot boiled milk. Add a pinch of turmeric powder and a pinch of pepper powder taken before going to bed. It is very effective in arresting inflammation and alleviating tonsillitis pain.

Carrot juice to treat throat infection

Carrot is rich in Vitamin A and has great anti toxicant properties which helps to reduce toxins and alleviate tonsillitis. Carrot is very effective and is especially useful if tonsillitis is caused due to constipation.

Fenugreek seeds to prevent sore throat quickly

Take 3 teaspoons of fenugreek seeds and boil them in a liter of water. It can be used over the entire day as a gargle. Repeated gargle is the most effective home remedy for tonsillitis.

Beetroot to treat sore throat pain

Beetroot is a rich source of iron, calcium, phosphorous, potassium, sulphur, manganeses, iodine, and copper. Beetroot is also rich in folic acid. It helps to rejuvenate the resistance of the body to fight toxicity. Beet juice is highly recommended as it counters the toxic agents that cause tonsillitis. Beet is a high fiber food and is recommended for tonsillitis caused by constipation.

Cucumber to get rid of tonsillitis

Cucumber like beet is a very effective detoxifying agent that helps to clear the bloodstream of excess uric acid. It also possesses laxative properties, making it a very effective home cure for tonsillitis.

Try this a few home remedies that will help in getting rid of tonsillitis. Do try this and the swelling, pain as well inflammation.

Home remedies for cold, flu and cough – Common cold

Cold is the most common illness that affects infants and elderly alike. Cold weather is not the cause of colds. There are 200 types of viruses, which cause cold. Some of the common symptoms of a cold are headache, runny nose, cough, high fever, itchy eyes, sore throat, body aches and so on.

Many natural treatments offer effective relief from the various symptoms of a common cold without any side effects. There are reasons which might give common cold to an individual include are viral infection in respiratory tract, spread from one person to another through sneezing, allergic disorders, change in weather.

Home remedies for cold

Garlic

Garlic is good for the immune system and helps to open up respiratory passages. Antibacterial and antiviral properties present in garlic help to get rid of cold.

Mix together one crushed garlic clove to 2 teaspoons of lemon juice, 1 teaspoon honey and half a teaspoon cayenne pepper or red chilli powder. Consume it daily.

Saute a few garlic cloves in ghee and consume when they are warm. It may sound like a bitter concoction, but it can help you fight the common cold and cough.

Boil 4-5 chopped garlic cloves in a cup of water and add one teaspoon of honey. Drink it 2-3 times a day.

Honey

Honey is a powerful soothing and healing agent. Honey is an excellent cold medicine because of its antioxidant, antiviral and antibacterial nutrients. Consume a mixture of 1 teaspoon of lemon juice and 2 teaspoons of honey. Take it every 2 hours to get immense relief from your cold and sore throat.

Spice tea

Add tulsi, ginger and black pepper while preparing your tea to get rid of common cold.

Dry roast and grind a quarter cup of coriander seeds, one a half tablespoons each of cumin and fennel seeds and quarter teaspoon of fenugreek seeds. Boil a cup of water and add one and a half tablespoon of this spice powder and one a half teaspoon of rock candy. Let it simmer for 3-4 minutes. Then add 2 tablespoons of milk boil it and strain. Sip it while it is hot; drink it daily until the symptoms subside.

Ginger

Ginger has antiviral, expectorant and anti-inflammatory properties in treating common cold. Cut ginger into slices and add salt to it. Chew on these ginger slices to fight cold, cough and a sore throat. Take it 2 times a day.

Eat raw ginger or drink ginger tea several times a day. You can also mix equal amounts of dry ginger powder, ghee and jaggery. Consume this mixture daily on an empty stomach.

Chicken soup

Chicken soup might help to relieve from cold and flu symptoms as an anti-inflammatory by inhibiting the movement of neutrophils and relieve congestion.

Red onion

Take 2-3 red onion horizontal slices. Put one slice onion in a bowl and add raw honey until the bowl is full. Cover it and leave it for 12-15 hours. When you open the bowl, there will be thick liquid like syrup. Drink a spoonful of the syrup several times a day to get relief from cold.

Pepper

The capsaicin’s present in pepper helps to thin the mucus. Boil water with black pepper; add cumin and jaggery to it. Drink it you will get relied from chest.

Put pepper on your food when you eat a meal. You can also gargle with a teaspoon of black pepper mixed in a glass of warm water.

Milk

Take warm milk and adding turmeric is an effective way to fight a cough. This combination gives healthy ingredients needed for healthy living.

Cinnamon

Prepare syrup of lemon and cinnamon to prevent a common cold. Put some honey in a pan, fill it to half and use a double boiler until it is thin. Then add a pinch of cinnamon and add lemon. Have this syrup to fight a cold.

Turmeric powder, milk, black pepper powder

Take 1 glass warm milk, 1 teaspoon of turmeric and 1 teaspoon of black pepper powder. Mix all the ingredients and drink twice a day.

Carom seeds

Take 1 tablespoon of carom seeds and make it into a fine powder to be placed in a clean cloth has to be tied in the form of a bundle. Held close to the nose and inhaled.