Split ends refer to the splitting of the hair shaft. Medically this condition is known as trichoptilosis. It occurs when the outer layer of the hair cuticle is damaged by mechanical chemical or thermal stress. These stressors include heat stylers, artificial hair care products and lack of nourishment. The inner layer of the hair shaft become dehydrated and weak after the destruction of the upper protective layer and the hair tend to split. This problem is faced more for women with long hair. The easiest way to get rid of split ends is to trim them off. There are many other ways to prevent them from splitting.
Preventing split ends
Get Regular Trimming
Split ends cannot be prevented entirely. Trimming of ends from time to time is inevitable. Proper care of hair can delay the requirement of trimming by a few weeks. A regular check of split ends must be done and the ends must be trimmed as soon as they are visible. The split ends must be cut ¼ inch above the split with sharp scissors.
Oil the hair before washing them
Shampooing and washing swells the hair by absorbing the water which can damage the hair by splitting the ends. Massaging thehair with jojoba oil, coconut oil or almond oil helps to prevent hair damage while washing. It must be done an hour before washing. Oil forms a protective shield around the hair strands and helps to retain the moisture in the hair.
Apply a conditioner
Conditioner applied on damp hair help to protect the hair from normal wear and tear caused while styling, combing and by external factors like cold winds and hot weather. This can be done with a small amount of jojoba oil or coconut oil or olive oil and also with the help of butterslike kokum, shea and aloe butter applied on the roots of damp or dry hair
Dry hair gently
Wet hair should never be dried by rubbing vigorously with a towel. Wet hair is very fragile and should be handled gently. Wet hair must be dabbed dry with a soft cotton towel as cotton absorbs the water easily. The best method is to wrap the hair in a towel and leave it for 10- 15 minutes. The hair will dry naturally.
Use a Wide Tooth Comb
It is advisable to use a wide tooth comb to detangle wet hair. The combing must be started from the ends and then done slowly moved upwards. A tight entangle must be first spread out with fingers and then cleared with the comb. Extra conditioner can be applied in entangled hair. As far as possible, avoid combing wet hair.
Reduce the use of heat appliances
Heat appliances like blow dryers, heat curlers and flat-iron tend to damage the hair. Blow drying reduces the natural moisture of the hair and make them rough, dry and brittle after some time. If essential it must be used on the lowest temperature. This can result to hair damage and split ends. Hair need to be dried naturally to keep them healthy. Damage to hair caused by hair straighteners lead to split ends
Protect hair from environmental factors
Over exposure to cold winds and harsh sun rays can damage hair and make them dry and brittle. One must protect the head from these elements by keeping the head covered with a cap or scarf.
Methods to cut Split Ends
Special hair shears must be obtained to cut the split ends. A perpendicular hair cut must be made on the hair strand as it will be stronger than a slanted cut. The cut should be made ¼ inch above the split end. The split ends of the hair can be made visible by taking a small section of hair and twisting them against a light background. The split ends will pop out of the twist and can be cut off. Hold a section of hair between the fingers and slide downwards, the split hair will become visible and can easily be trimmed off. Twist the same section of hair strands on the opposite side which will make the missed hair splits visible. Repeat the same process with other strands of hair. This method is called Dusting.
Trimming is another popular method which is normally done in the salons. Divide the hair into two sections. Bring one section of hair in the front and hold them between two fingers and then cut the end ¼ inch from the split end. Repeat with the second half section of hair
Home remedies for split hair
Natural Beauty banana pack for split ends. Prepare a mask using a ripe banana, curd, rose water and lemon juice. Apply this pack on the hair right to the ends. Leave the pack for an hour and then wash it off.
Another beneficial homemade pack for split ends is made by using egg, honey and milk. Apply this on the hair and wash it after 20 minutes with warm water.
Mayonnaise for split ends
Mayonnaise helps in preventing split ends. The easiest way is to rub mayonnaise on damp hair. Leave it for 20 minutes and then rinse with lukewarm water. Repeat the process twice a week for better results.
Beer to treat split ends
Beer is a perfect agent to control split ends because it supplies protein and sugar to the damaged hair follicles. It is an excellent conditioner that gives volume to the hair and keeps them shiny. Spray beer from a spray bottle after shampooing the hair. Spray should be done on the mid and end sections of the hair.
Fish oil repairing mask to treat split ends
Omega 3 and 6 oils in the fish oil are the best natural home remedy to treat all split ends. Take a few capsules with coconut oil and lavender in a saucepan. Heat the mixture and heat it on low flame for about 5 minutes. Then, pour it in a large bowl. Dip your split ends in it and work them with the mixture. Wrap it up in a towel or Saran wrap. Leave it on your hair for about 40 minutes. Rinse your hair with shampoo two times in order to reduce build up and prevent limp strands.
Coconut oil split end treatment
Coconut oil is the first and best ways to get rid of split ends that has numerous benefits. This is certainly used for best results and treatments. First, you need to shampoo your hair and towel dried hair. Take a scoop of coconut oil and work it into your hair. Start applying from roots and end about mid shaft. Clip your hair up and wrap them in a towel for about 30 minutes. Rinse your hair and shampoo twice. This best home remedy can build up your hair. Repeat the process for every two weeks. This is the natural home remedy to start little and add more needful things.
Honey and olive oil treatment to prevent split ends
Honey acts as a good moisturizer to your hair. Olive oil can nourish the damages hair. This can add a bonus. This acts as a great treating property for dry scalp. This helps to boost shine and gives brown hair color. Take three tablespoons of olive oil with two tablespoons of raw honey. Apply it on your hair and shampoo your hair. Leave it for about 20 – 30 minutes. Rinse your hair and then wash it off with water. Shampoo your hair with a moisturizing shampoo to remove any residue.
Avocado protein mask to get rid of split ends
Avocado mask is the best homemade guac one night. The Saman’s concoction consists of an avocado, an egg and a bit of olive oil that helps to replenish that damaged hair. This is the best way to crush up the avocado and then mix it with an egg. Add some olive oil to a thicker paste than the conditioner. Apply it to your hair and leave it for about 10-20 minutes. Rinse it off with warm water.
Tips to remember
Always use special scissors for cutting hair as normal scissors tend to damage the hair. Products to heal split ends are of no use as they simply glue the split ends. Always cut hair in bright light. Trimming should be done once in two months and better results can be achieved if done in the salon once in a while. Hair should not be washed daily as after washing tends to lose the moisture of the hair. Similarly, hot showers should be avoided to protect the oils in the hair. Back combing must be avoided to prevent split ends. Always apply oil before going for swimming. The best way to have healthy hair is to eat a balanced diet, which contains all the nutrients. The diet need to be rich in proteins, omega 3 fatty acids and vitamin A and C. These can be found in leafy vegetables, soybeans, wheat and oranges. Lentils, brown rice walnuts and soybean contain biotin which helps to strengthen the hair.