Blemishes types, causes, symptoms and prevention on your face

Blemishes are marks or areas of discoloration on the skin. Blemishes are unsightly, discolored spots, pimples, whiteheads, and blackheads, left behind on your skin after an acne breakout. There are many different types of blemishes with many different causes; the treatment for each is a little different.


Papules are actually one of the most common blemishes. Papules occur when your oil or sebaceous glands get all clogged up with dirt, debris, dead skin cells, and bacteria. When this happens infection sets in and that’s when the pimple forms. There are ways to get rid of them, from over the counter remedies containing benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, or lactic acid, to steam to certain natural treatments, like facial masks.

Black heads

Blackheads are also known as comedones, which is a type of acne and commonly known as acne vulgaris. They’re often mistaken as dirt because as the name suggests the heads to look like small black spots. They get their color when your skin’s pigments react with the air. It’s tempting to pop or pick these bumps because they are a less intense, different kind of blemish. Picking and popping blackheads is a bad idea. Not only will doing so leave scars, but you can actually, easily make the bumps worse, causing them to get infected and swell. Try to stay away from moisturizers, lotions, and makeup products that contain oil and make sure you exfoliate your skin to get rid of them.


Blackheads pop up when your pores are just a little blocked, whereas whiteheads appear when there’s a total block. As with all the different kinds of blemishes, a combination of dirt, dead skin cells, oil and other debris fill the affected pore or pores, resulting in a white colored head. It is easier to get rid of whiteheads and they are also faster to heal.


Pustules are known as cysts and simply refer as zits. They show up as lumps, they tend to be rather large and they look incredibly red and inflamed. They have white appearance caused by an excess of pus caused by a mixture of debris, dirt, and oil, Never ever squeeze pustules leave them alone. They respond to topical creams and antibiotics, medications, benzoyl peroxide and things that are in nature.


Acne often takes the form of different skin problems, such as rosacea. These blemishes like typical zits or pimples. They appear as a rash and they tend to show up on the nose, the forehead, the chin, and the cheeks, whereas many of these other skin issues can also show up in different parts of the body.

Cystic acne

Cystic acne is one of the most painful. It is also a form of acne vulgaris, but it’s incredibly severe. The cysts are soft and filled with pus, they’re usually as large as 5 mm across, and they’re very painful.


Nodules are quite severe as well. Unlike the bumps that occur with cystic acne, nodules are hard and they pop up beneath the surface of the skin.

Symptoms of blemishes

A blemish is actually a symptom of an infection or an inflammation on the skin.

  • Pustules that are painful and stretched
  • You can see of elevations and bumps, filled with pus, mainly on the facial area
  • Brown or dark patches that appear on the skin
  • Skin discolorations that occur mainly during the winter or at spring time
  • Extra dryness or itchiness in the area that is affected by a blemish
  • As certain patches feel rough to the touch, due to changes in the texture of the skin,

Causes of blemishes

Blemishes can be caused by a number of factors, including the regular use of cosmetic products such as moisturizers, foundations night creams etc. Many of these products contain irritating ingredients that can clog your pores and contribute to the development of blemishes.

Prevention of blemishes

You can take several steps at home to prevent the occurrence of blemishes on your skin.

  • Dab a bit of honey over the darkened area of the skin and cover it with a bandage. You can just leave the honey on overnight and then wash it off with some cool water to make the skin lighter naturally.
  • Dab the milk with a cotton ball and apply it directly to your brown spots on face. Leave it on for 8-10 minutes and wash it off. Apply this home remedy twice a day for 6 weeks to remove the dark pigmentation spots and patches from your face.
  • Soak a few almonds in a bowl of water all night long and grind them to a fine paste the next morning, after peel them. Add a small amount of milk to the ground almond paste and apply it on the affected skin leave it overnight. In the morning, the paste should be washed off with cold water. It usually takes around 2 weeks or so, for this remedy to yield the desired results.
  • Rub aloe vera juice or gel directly onto dark skin pigments and brown spots on face once or twice daily for a few weeks to fade those skin discolorations fast.
  • Place a few potato slices on the affected part of the skin and leave them on for a couple of minutes, to reduce pigmentation problems. This can make your skin appear less patchy.
  • Just rub a slice of lemon on your skin. You can also squeeze out the juice and rub the juice on your face with the help of cotton. The lemon juice acts like a bleach and helps to lighten the blemishes. It also improves the color of the skin.
  • Grind some mint leaves and apply the paste all over the affected skin, leaving it on for twenty minutes or so. Wash off the mint paste with cold water, after around 20 minutes or so.