Hair care

How to get rid of split ends – How to fix and prevent split ends

What are split ends?

Hair is the crowning glory of the face. They must be kept clean, healthy and nourished. Split ends are more common in women with long hair, but this problem is also faced by women with short hair. Split ends mean splitting of a single strand of hair from the end into multiple ends. There are several factors that contribute to split ends. Dry and brittle hair are easily prone to split ends.

Scientific basis of split ends 

Trichoptlosis is the medical term for split ends. Each strand of hair is made up of three layers—medulla is the innermost layer called melanin which gives color to the hair. The middle layer is called the cortex, which is responsible for the texture and strength of the hair. The cuticle is the top most layer of the hair, which shields the bottom layers from getting damaged. It contains the dead skin cells that overlap each other and form a protective layer. Any external or internal damage on the cuticle leads to exposing of the middle layer—cortex, the protein content gets disturbed and split ends occur.

Why make split ends occur? How to prevent them

Split ends take place when there is too much heating, mechanical or chemical pressure on them. They lose their shine, become rough, dry and brittle.

Thermal stress that cause split ends 

Thermal stress on hair is the result of the use of electrical appliances used to make the desired hair style which includes curling, perming and straightening.


These are methods to make different hairstyles. They are achieved by appliances that use heat. These appliances absorb the natural moisture from the hair follicles which eventually lead to split ends. The use of these appliances must be avoided completely or used sparing at the lowest temperature.

Blow drying 

The hot air used by the blow dryer to dry the hair is also the culprit to cause split hair. It is advisable to leave the hair open to dry naturally after shampooing them. If blow drying is inevitable, it must be done by setting the blow dryer at the lowest temperature to prevent hair damage. 

Chemical stresses that cause split ends 

Hair dyes, hair gels, oils and other hair care products contain chemicals that are harmful to the hair follicles. 

Highlights/Hair colors

The chemicals in hair coloring products and highlighting agents damage the hair. They disturb the natural chemical composition of the hair, make them rough and dry, which soon lead to split ends. It is advisable to use natural products for coloring the hair because they do not contain chemicals and are not harmful to the hair follicles.

Excessive/Strong shampoos 

Certain shampoos, gels and lotion harmful chemicals lead to damage of hair follicles creating hair splits. Shampoos and hair care products that are made from natural ingredients are safe and must be used for hair care. Hair bleaching also leads to hair splitting.  All these products must be used sparingly and extra care must be taken to keep the hair moisturized and hydrated. 

Mechanical stress that cause split ends 

There are some appliances which are used for hair styling which damage the hair if they are not used properly.


Vigorous combing and brushing can make the hair weak and damage them. Wet hair after shampoo is very fragile, brushing and combing can damage them easily. Brushing and combing with cheap quality brushes and combs also lead to split ends. Good quality brushes and combs with wide tooth comb and soft brushes will be helpful to prevent split ends.

External stress for split ends 

Overexposure to the sun or harsh winds of winter can lead to damage of hair follicles and split ends. Frequent shampooing can also damage hair. Metallic clips, metallic combs and brushes and the uncovered rubber band also lead to hair splitting. Satin or synthetic pillow covers also contribute to split ends Cotton pillow covers are safe. 

Other factors for split hair

Genetic conditiongenetics also play a vital role in the occurrence of split ends of the hair in some people. These people have a defect in their hair shaft which has an uneven texture that is thin at one place and thick on the other. This structure of the hair tends to break easily and cause split ends. Aging is another factor that makes the hair roots weak and cause a split. Chlorinated water from swimming pools and salt water from seas also lead to split hair problems.

Home remedies to get rid of split ends

Coconut oil treatment for split ends

Coconut oil is best and uses a waxed poetic with the numerous benefits of coconut oil. This is best and can result from coconut oil hair treatment. First, shampoo your hair and towel dry the hair. After the hair is completely dry, then take a scoop of coconut oil and apply it on your hair. Start applying it from the roots and end them about midshaft. Tie your hair up and wrap them in a towel or a plastic shower cap. Leave it for about 30 minutes. Again, go back to shower and rinse the hair with shampoo twice. Repeat the process once every two weeks for best results. The natural coconut oil is heavy and add more shine to your hair.

Avocado protein mask for hair care

The mask is made with avocado, egg and a bit of olive oil. This mask helps to replenish that damaged hair. Crush some avocado and mix it with egg white. Add olive oil into that mixture. Mix them well and apply this mask to your hair. Leave it for about 10 – 20 minutes. Rinse it off with warm water for better results. This hair mask makes your hair soft and supple. This reduces split ends and protects you from hair damage.

Fish oil repairing hair mask for split ends

Fish oil is best and is naturally available in the market. Try this natural omega – 3 and 6 oils to get rid of split ends. Take a few capsules and add coconut oil and lavender oil in a saucepan. Heat the oil and mix them well at a low heat. Leave it for about 5 minutes. Pour it into a large bowl and dip your split ends in it. This mixture works best with the mixture up on your hair. Try to avoid using these root. Wrap them it up in a towel or plastic wrap. Leave it for about 40 minutes on your hair. This helps to treat split ends. Follow it with a double shampoo that helps to reduce buildup and can prevent limp.