A vitamin doesn’t give you energy, but do help you stay healthy. Vitamins must get them from the foods you eat. Vitamins need small amounts and most people can meet their vitamin needs and eating a variety of healthy foods.
Two types of vitamins are available that are water soluble and fat soluble. Water soluble vitamins include vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B12, vitamin C, biotin and folate. Because they are not stored in large amounts in the body and some extra is lost through your urine. Fat soluble vitamins include vitamins A, D, E and K and they can be stored in your body.
A diet that includes most of these fruits, vegetables, meats and dairy products will ensure that you get your daily vitamin requirement, without the need for supplements.
Vitamin A plays a vital role in bone growth, vision and cell division. As it promotes good vision and helps to maintain healthy bones, teeth, skin and soft tissues. Sources of vitamin A include both animal and plant sources.
Vitamin A is available in eggs, chicken, fish, seafood, apple, apricots, oranges, mangos, cantaloupe, watermelon, kiwis, plums, peaches, blackberries, green vegetables, carrots, spinach, pumpkin, peas, broccoli, tomato, wheat germ and dairy products such as cheese, milk and yogurt.
Vitamin B complex includes B1, B2, B3, B6, B12 and folate folic acid. It helps in cell repair, digestion and metabolism and boosts that immune system. Sources are bananas, broccoli, dates, dairy products, fish, figs, nuts, seeds, spinach, pulses and potatoes
Vitamin B1 Thiamine
It gives healthy heart & nervous system, optimizes your metabolism & brain function. It aids in circulation, blood formation, growth, muscle tone, energy and learning. It may be helpful in protecting against Alzheimer’s disease.
Vitamin B2 Riboflavin
It gives healthy skin, hair, and nails. It maintains formation of antibodies and red blood cells. It can facilitate carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism. It aids against stress and fatigue. It may be helpful protecting against bowel cancer.
Vitamin B3 Niacin
It gives healthy nervous system, skin, tongue, and digestive system. It aids in better blood circulation and energy. Lowers the bad LDL cholesterol levels and increases the good HDL levels in the blood.
Vitamin B5 Pantothenic Acid
This anti-stress vitamin fortifies white blood cells. It supports the adrenal glands in producing hormones. Builds cells and assists them in metabolizing fats & carbohydrates to produce energy.
Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine
It promotes a healthy central nervous and immune system. It aids in normal cellular growth and healthy skin. It helps to turn food into energy.
Vitamin B12 Cyanocobalamin
Maintains a healthy nervous system and creates nerve coverings called myelin sheaths that protect nerve endings. It supports red blood cell production. It helps in preventing anemia and the use of iron.
May help prevent cell damage and reduce the risk of certain cancers, heart disease and other diseases. Helps heal cuts and wounds and keeps gums healthy. It protects you from infections by keeping your immune system healthy. Increases the amount of iron your body absorbs from some foods. Sources of vitamin C are Citrus fruits such as oranges, grapefruits, and their juices, kiwi, strawberries, mangoes, papaya, red, yellow and green peppers, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, tomatoes, raw dark leafy vegetables.
Vitamin D is vital for healthy bones and teeth as it absorbs calcium and maintains the level of calcium and phosphorous. Sun is the best source for vitamin D. Several food sources are also available with the best food sources of vitamin D. They include cereals, corn flakes, mashed potatoes, dairy products, green vegetables, milk, yogurt, organ meats, eggs and salmon.
Vitamin E is an antioxidant and helps in the production of red blood cells. Foods that are rich in vitamin E are avocado, tomato, watercress, Brussels, spinach, berries, salmon, whole grain, nuts, sunflower oil, olive oil and mackerel.
Vitamin K plays a vital role in the blood clotting process in the body and helps to main strong bones. The best food sources of vitamin K are meat, liver, egg yolk, whole grain, sprouts, celery, parsley, iceberg lettuce, peas, asparagus, cabbage, cucumbers, broccoli and soybean.
Vitamin P is known as biaflavonoids and it helps in blood circulation by strengthening the capillaries. People whose diet includes fruits and vegetables, automatically can fulfill vitamin P requirement as brightly colored fruits and vegetables are good sources of vitamin P. The best food sources of vitamin P are oranges, lemons, tangerines, mangos, grapefruit, cherries, blackberries and plums, carrots, tomatoes, green pepper, broccoli, onions, red wine, buckwheat and garlic.