The skin is a living organ, prone to environmental changes and in a constant state of change and regeneration, it is possible that you may go through phases of different skin types. It is absolutely necessary to know your skin type and make a right decision about a proper skin care which is suitable for your particular skin needs.
The health and beauty of your skin largely depend on what you eat and how you take care of yourself. Some people also have a combination of skin types in different areas of their skin.
How to determine your skin type?
You can use a simple test with a clean facial tissue to wipe your face in the morning. Otherwise caring for the wrong skin type can aggravate skin, lead to acne or even make your skin look older than it really.
Skin types differ depending upon three factors such as water content which affects your skin’s comfort and elasticity, oil content which affects your skin’s softness and sensitivity level.
The tissue will not reveal any traces of oil if your skin belongs to a normal type. Your skin should feel vibrant, elastic, and supple. Your skin is smooth and radiant because it reflects light evenly. Normal skin is the least problematic type. It looks clean and smooth and has a good circulation and healthy complexion. Your complexion is balanced, and you rarely have breakouts. Even with a minimum care, it will look good well into your advanced age.
The paper will be clean, too, but your facial skin will feel flaky, dry and tight after you have wiped it that if you have dry skin. Dry skin lacks natural lipids, or oils, making it prone to dehydration due to lack of water.
Dry skin can be easily developed a sallow tone, wrinkles, and fine pores, and it is very prone to aging and irritating. Dry skin, also needs both oil and water to balance it out. It might still look great for a young person, but, to keep it healthy, you should apply thorough care and use regular skin or beauty treatment with natural masks and moisturizers.
The paper will have spots of facial oil on it, corresponding to the areas of your cheeks, nose, and forehead. Your face feels and looks moist and shiny. Oily skin is problematic – it usually looks greasy, thick, coarse and shiny has enlarged pores and tends to break into acne. You tend to clog pores and your skin is prone to both non-inflammatory acne and inflammatory acne which pop up all over.
A good thing, though, is that oily skin is not prone much to aging and wrinkling. Careful cleaning, minimizing of carbohydrate consumption, and avoiding rich creams can be helpful in improving the quality of oily skin.
The tissue will have traces of oil coming from your nose and forehead, but will be clean in the areas that touched your cheeks, if your skin is combination type. Your forehead, nose, and shin are oily and tend to break out, while your temples, eye area, and cheeks are really dry. Combination skin has patches of both dry and oily skin and it requires different types of care in relation to particular facial areas. Therefore skin changes according to the climate or season, sometimes it’s completely oily, other times its sandpaper dry.
Dry zones are usually located on the cheeks and around the eyes, should be treated with rich creams and moisturizers, while oily areas, usually on the forehead and nose, will benefit from frequent and thorough cleaning.
Sensitive skin is usually very dry, tends to feel tight, and becomes inflamed and irritated. Sensitive skin is prone to damage from environmental factors. All skin needs exfoliation to remove built up dead skin, but this needs to be done gently. Sensitive skin develops reddish and scaly areas, can be itchy and tingly, and is prone to breaking into spots. Facials that use enzymes to exfoliate work very well, because they don’t irritate the skin. It is the most problematic and fragile type of skin, which needs a very special type of care.